King rejected the narrow Calvinist predestinarian
view that we have no free will; as a Baptist minister, he believed in the free power of human action, but he also had the faith that God was directing everything to the proper end.
Sometimes complicating the faith/science debate is the fact that there is a broad range of theologies at play--from predestinarian
Calvinism to open theism, from Roman Catholicism with papal authority to Pentecostalism with private revelations.
Participants' thinking about this life task had both predestinarian
and existential qualities.
Robert Hornback's essay on "The Jacob and Esau Paradigm: Nicholas Udall's Predestinarian
Problem Comedy" provides a powerful case in point.
Slights, "The Reformed Conscience: Woodes, Marlowe, and Shakespeare" (21-40); Daniel Cadman, "Stoicism, Calvinism, and Determinism in Fulke Greville's Alaham" (41-62); Robert Hornback, "The Jacob and Esau Paradigm: Nicholas Udall's Predestinarian
Problem Comedy" (63-82).
Concentrating these broader tropes of indeterminacy in a specific language of grace and reprobation, Measure for Measure investigates predestinarian
theology and its attendant forms of cultural judgment as an epistemological problem.
While the early Luther incorporated Erasmus's understanding of agite poenitentiam in Acts 2:38, the Wittenberg theologian soon soured on Erasmus for not interpreting repentance in an Augustinian predestinarian
and law/Gospel manner (11-38).
The outdated tendency to identify English Calvinism with extreme predestinarian
views appears once (139), but many essays in the Handbook point instead to its evangelical (reaching out) nature, and it is this quality that Donne's sermons particularly share with writings of other Calvinists of his time.
Hunt argues that the play, while representing an apparently strictly predestinarian
universe, ends up provoking (whether or not intentionally by Shakespeare) a critique of that same theology.
The Twelve Articles were written by the Calvinistic missionaries, but in some critical points their predestinarian
or particularistic messages are changed into an Arminian, universalist one.
Thus he summons him on to his own ground; or rather he addresses him as one who by his questions has already accepted this ground and therefore he is able (without renouncing the credo ut intelhgam or his predestinarian
background) to discuss with him as if he were a Boso or a Gaunilo" (Barth, Anselm, pp.
The old man nonetheless performs a predestinarian
prayer in order to damn himself and join his son in hell (just as, earlier, the son termed himself a heretic in professing Christianity to save his father [pp.