predicate adjective


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Related to predicate adjective: predicate nominative

predicative adjective

A predicative adjective (or simply “predicate adjective”) is used in the predicate of a clause to describe either the subject of the clause or the direct object of a verb.
Predicative adjectives that describe the subject of the clause will follow a linking verb. In such cases, they are known as subject complements.
Predicative adjectives that describe the direct object of non-linking verbs function as object complements.
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pred′icate ad′jective


n.
an adjective that is used in the predicate with a copulative or factitive verb and has the same referent as the subject of the copulative verb or the direct object of the factitive verb, as sick in He is sick or It made him sick.
[1880–85]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
But there were also lovable subtleties, like the way the line that set off a predicate adjective slanted back like a signpost toward the subject it modified:
* the subject/predicate (linking verb), predicate adjective pattern
Thus, the following may be added to the subject predicate sentence pattern: subject, predicate, direct object; subject, predicate, indirect object, direct object; subject, predicate, predicate nominative; and subject, predicate, predicate, predicate adjective pattern.
1972: "The Predicate Adjective in English: A Case Grammar Analysis".
Each predicate adjective is taken to denote the union of just the individuals possessing a given property--e.g.
But what if the adjective is used attributively rather than as a predicate adjective following a copulative verb?
This variation can be classified as 1) ser in estar contexts in predicate adjectives, 2) estar in ser contexts in predicate adjectives, and 3) ser in locative predicates.
The variation in ser and estar in Judeo-Spanish could originate in the distribution of copulas in predicate adjectives and locative structures in French and Turkish, the community's dominant languages.
The remaining forms, namely 34 predicate adjectives and 21 predicate nominals will be briefly considered at the end of the section.
More concretely, for predicate adjectives, the nominative points to the 'permanent' or 'inherent' character of the property predicated by the adjective, for predicate nominals the use of the nominative indicates class-membership, which is, in some way, essential to the subject.
Many papers exist dealing with subject-predicate forms, notably the use of predicate adjectives following copulative verbs, e.g., "The water is warm." I have seen none dealing with the use of adjectives as described in Korzybski's statement, especially the attributive adjective, e.g., "I prefer warm water."