preempt

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Related to preempted: entering, stationed

pre·empt

 (prē-ĕmpt′)
v. pre·empt·ed, pre·empt·ing, pre·empts
v.tr.
1. To take the place of or take precedence over: Discussion of the water shortage will preempt the other topics on this week's agenda.
2.
a. To take action to prevent (an event or other action) from happening; forestall: "The [Joint] Chiefs ... proposed the use of nuclear weapons to preempt China's anticipated attack on Formosa" (James Carroll).
b. To take action to prevent (another) from acting.
3.
a. To acquire or take for oneself before others; appropriate: "I've preempted the forward compartment [of the boat] with two berths shaped like a V ... to make myself a double bunk" (Joan Gould).
b. To gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially to settle on (public land) so as to obtain the right to buy before others.
v.intr. Games
To make a preemptive bid in bridge.

[Back-formation from preemption.]

pre·emp′tor′ (-ĕmp′tôr′) n.
pre·emp′to·ry (-ĕmp′tə-rē) adj.

pre•empt

or pre-empt

(priˈɛmpt)

v.t.
1. to occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy; claim.
2. to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate.
3. to take the place of because of priorities, rescheduling, etc.; supplant: A special news report preempted the game show.
4. to forestall or prevent (something anticipated) by acting first; head off.
v.i.
5. Bridge. to make a preemptive bid.
n.
6. Bridge. a preemptive bid.
[1840–50, Amer.; back formation from preemption]
pre•emp′ti•ble, adj.
pre•emp′tor (-tɔr, -tər) n.
pre•emp′to•ry (-tə ri) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preempt - a high bid that is intended to prevent the opposing players from bidding
bidding, bid - (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make
Verb1.preempt - acquire for oneself before others can do so
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
2.preempt - take the place of or have precedence over; "live broadcast of the presidential debate preempts the regular news hour"; "discussion of the emergency situation will preempt the lecture by the professor"
supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant, replace - take the place or move into the position of; "Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left"; "the computer has supplanted the slide rule"; "Mary replaced Susan as the team's captain and the highest-ranked player in the school"
3.preempt - gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially so as to obtain the right to buy (land)
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
4.preempt - make a preemptive bid in the game of bridge
bridge - any of various card games based on whist for four players
bid, call - make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; "He called his trump"

preempt

or pre-empt
verb
1. To lay claim to for oneself or as one's right:
2. To cause to be busy or in use:
References in classic literature ?
Then we have another weird neighbor, who printed a beautiful sign in English and tacked it on the door of his cabin, which we have preempted, warning us to destroy none of his belongings, and signing himself "Tarzan of the Apes."
Thus, all unread in philosophy, Daylight preempted for himself the position and vocation of a twentieth-century superman.
And some courts have decided that the question is moot because, even if the state's slayer statute is preempted, federal common law prohibits a killer from being rewarded for his or her crime as a beneficiary so the outcome is the same.
"While courts generally agree that state law claims that precisely duplicate FLSA claims are preempted, there are two schools of thought as to whether a state law wage timeliness claim is actually duplicative of the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the FLSA.
As a result, his claims are not preempted by ERISA, so there is no federal question jurisdiction and the case must be returned to state court.
Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad has denied accusations by Opposition coalition Barisan Nasional (BN) that he had preempted the Cabinet when announcing the cancellation of the Malaysian-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) project.
(42) Judge White, however, articulated a more relaxed view of the Clear Statement rule, stating that it should not require a clear statement whenever the regulation or statute preempted affects local government.
'We need to take note of the fact that the early action of the military and the government has actually preempted their plans to be able to capture the city,' Abella said in a Palace breifing.
Even when federal statutes are silent about preemption, the Supreme Court has held that federal regulations can "impliedly" preempt state laws where Congress would have preempted them, had it thought about the matter.
"Is it permissible for Congress to delegate the authority to decide what laws are preempted to a private entity?" Roberts asked at one point, according to a copy of the arguments transcript posted by the court.
Garcia further said the House committee is trying its best to get to the bottom of things to find the truth in manner that is most objective, apolitical and totally without agenda but that the panel is being preempted by the CIDG chief's pronouncement in the media last week about the case filing against certain police officers.