On the transition from Pieta imagery in preFascist
memorials to the imagery of Victory in Fascist memorials, see Mauro Bertagnin, "Segni, simboli e miti: note su una ricerca." Parametro.
Lawyer Walter Fox describes these courts as "prefascist
": "Domestic violence courts ...
Various features in this brief description seem to exclude a priori the likelihood that Pessoa supported Salazar or that he was, as has been suggested, a 'prefascist
' (a label with shifting meanings), an admirer of Mussolini or even a listless critic of the Nazi regime.
That certain modern ideologies contain trace elements of fascism doesn't mean that they are in any meaningful way fascist, or even prefascist
(as the Wolfian left would have it).
First of all, I miss specific references to the sections in Shakespeare's works which enabled Chesterton and other critics like Wilson Knight to formulate Shakespeare as characteristic of a "prefascist
condition" (95); and, secondly, discussion of whether that fascist bending continues into Shakespearean criticism after World War II, if it was simply neutralized by the triumph of democracy, or if it is reinterpreted in a milder version as British nationalism.
(1.) By "popularism," we mean the political and economic ideal elaborated by Sturzo in preFascist
Italy and then, later, during his twenty-year exile in France, England, and the United States, through that particular associative experiment that was the People and Freedom group.
The examples of this species that receive the most attention in Gregor's analysis are prefascist
Italian nationalism and, particularly, Sun Yat-Sen's "Three Principles of the People" ideology and his Kuomintang (Nationalist Party).
But these new Case took on a broader role than their prefascist
Who knew that prefascist
Berlin had more than 60 gay bars?
Although certain subcultural forms may simultaneously contain elements of class resistance to oppressed and repressed circumstances (e.g., gangs of people of color, nationality, or territory), they can also assume more sinister organized political dimensions such as the prefascist
forms of skinhead culture.