prefix


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prefix

Prefixes are morphemes (specific groups of letters with particular semantic meaning) that are added onto the beginning of roots and base words to change their meaning. Prefixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is suffixes, which come at the end of a root word.
Unlike suffixes, which can be either inflectional (changing only the grammatical function of a word without changing its basic meaning) or derivational (creating a word with an entirely new meaning), prefixes can only be derivational; adding a prefix always changes the basic meaning of the word.
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pre·fix

 (prē′fĭks′)
tr.v. pre·fixed, pre·fix·ing, pre·fix·es
1. To put or attach before or in front of.
2. (prē-fĭks′) To settle or arrange in advance.
3. Grammar
a. To add as a prefix.
b. To add a prefix to.
n.
1. Grammar An affix, such as dis- in disbelieve, attached to the front of a word to produce a derivative word or an inflected form.
2. A letter, word, abbreviation, or number placed before a name, address, or other identifying label to indicate class or category: You have to indicate on the form whether you prefer the prefix Mr., Ms., or Dr.

[Middle English prefixen, from Old French prefixer : pre-, before (from Latin prae-; see pre-) + fixer, to place (from Latin fīxus, past participle of fīgere, to fasten; see dhīgw- in Indo-European roots). N., from New Latin praefīxum, from neuter sing. of Latin praefīxus, past participle of praefīgere, to fix in front : prae-, pre- + fīgere, to fasten.]

pre′fix′al adj.
pre′fix′al·ly adv.
pre′fix·a′tion (-fĭk-sā′shən), pre·fix′ion (-fĭk′shən) n.

prefix

n
1. (Grammar) grammar an affix that precedes the stem to which it is attached, as for example un- in unhappy. Compare suffix1
2. something coming or placed before
vb (tr)
3. to put or place before
4. (Grammar) grammar to add (a morpheme) as a prefix to the beginning of a word
prefixal adj
ˈprefixally adv
prefixion n

pre•fix

(n. ˈpri fɪks; v. also priˈfɪks)

n.
1. an affix placed before a base or another prefix, as un- in unkind, un- and re- in unrewarding.
2. something prefixed, as a title before a person's name.
v.t.
3. to fix or put before or in front.
4. to add as a prefix.
5. to fix, settle, or appoint beforehand.
[1375–1425; (v.) late Middle English < Middle French prefixer < Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgere to set up in front; see pre-, fix; (n.) < New Latin praefixum, neuter of praefixus]
pre•fix•al (ˈpri fɪk səl, priˈfɪk-) adj.
pre′fix•al•ly, adv.
pre`fix•a′tion, pre•fix′ion (-ˈfɪk ʃən) n.

prefix


Past participle: prefixed
Gerund: prefixing

Imperative
prefix
prefix
Present
I prefix
you prefix
he/she/it prefixes
we prefix
you prefix
they prefix
Preterite
I prefixed
you prefixed
he/she/it prefixed
we prefixed
you prefixed
they prefixed
Present Continuous
I am prefixing
you are prefixing
he/she/it is prefixing
we are prefixing
you are prefixing
they are prefixing
Present Perfect
I have prefixed
you have prefixed
he/she/it has prefixed
we have prefixed
you have prefixed
they have prefixed
Past Continuous
I was prefixing
you were prefixing
he/she/it was prefixing
we were prefixing
you were prefixing
they were prefixing
Past Perfect
I had prefixed
you had prefixed
he/she/it had prefixed
we had prefixed
you had prefixed
they had prefixed
Future
I will prefix
you will prefix
he/she/it will prefix
we will prefix
you will prefix
they will prefix
Future Perfect
I will have prefixed
you will have prefixed
he/she/it will have prefixed
we will have prefixed
you will have prefixed
they will have prefixed
Future Continuous
I will be prefixing
you will be prefixing
he/she/it will be prefixing
we will be prefixing
you will be prefixing
they will be prefixing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been prefixing
you have been prefixing
he/she/it has been prefixing
we have been prefixing
you have been prefixing
they have been prefixing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been prefixing
you will have been prefixing
he/she/it will have been prefixing
we will have been prefixing
you will have been prefixing
they will have been prefixing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been prefixing
you had been prefixing
he/she/it had been prefixing
we had been prefixing
you had been prefixing
they had been prefixing
Conditional
I would prefix
you would prefix
he/she/it would prefix
we would prefix
you would prefix
they would prefix
Past Conditional
I would have prefixed
you would have prefixed
he/she/it would have prefixed
we would have prefixed
you would have prefixed
they would have prefixed

prefix

A word or word part that is added to the beginning of another word, such as “dis-” in “dislike.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prefix - an affix that is added in front of the word
affix - a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form
alpha privative - the negative prefix a- or un-
Verb1.prefix - attach a prefix to; "prefixed words"
affix - attach or become attached to a stem word; "grammatical morphemes affix to the stem"
suffix - attach a suffix to; "suffix words"
Translations
بادِئَه، مقْطَع يُضاف في أوَّل الكَلِمَه
předponaprefix
præfiksforstavelse
predmetakprefiks
elõképzõ
forskeyti
接頭辞
priešdėlis
priedēklis
predpona
predpona
ön ek

prefix

[ˈpriːfɪks]
A. N [of word] → prefijo m; [of phone number] → prefijo m
B. [priːˈfɪks] VT
1. (= introduce) → introducir
to prefix a statement withencabezar una declaración con ...
2. (Ling) → adjuntar un prefijo a

prefix

[ˈpriːfɪks] npréfixe m

prefix

n (Gram) → Vorsilbe f, → Präfix nt; (= title)Namensvorsatz m; (in code) → Vorsatz m; (Telec) → Vorwahl f
vt (Gram) → präfigieren, mit einer Vorsilbe or einem Präfix versehen; namemit einem Namensvorsatz versehen; number (with code) → voranstellen (+dat), → voransetzen (+dat); words prefixed by “un”Wörter mit der Vorsilbe or dem Präfix „un“

prefix

[ˈpriːfɪks] n (Gram) → prefisso

prefix

(ˈpriːfiks) noun
a syllable or syllables put at the beginning of another word to change its meaning. dislike; unemployed; remake; ineffective.

prefix

n. gr. prefijo.
References in classic literature ?
I thought it therefore agreeable, to my Affection, and Obligation to your Grace, to prefix your Name before them, both in English, and in Latine.
Notwithstanding your constant refusal, when I have asked leave to prefix your name to this dedication, I must still insist on my right to desire your protection of this work.
In reading he grasped a word in its entirety; but when he spoke the words he had learned from the books of his father, he pronounced each according to the names he had given the various little bugs which occurred in it, usually giving the gender prefix for each.
An alliterative prefix served as an ornament of oratory.
* Dissertation on Romance and Minstrelsy, prefixed to Ritson's Ancient
It hasn't any title, either." He went into the next room, sat down at my desk and wrote on the pinkish face of the portfolio the word, "Antonia." He frowned at this a moment, then prefixed another word, making it "My Antonia." That seemed to satisfy him.
Among other public buildings in a certain town, which for many reasons it will be prudent to refrain from mentioning, and to which I will assign no fictitious name, there is one anciently common to most towns, great or small: to wit, a workhouse; and in this workhouse was born; on a day and date which I need not trouble myself to repeat, inasmuch as it can be of no possible consequence to the reader, in this stage of the business at all events; the item of mortality whose name is prefixed to the head of this chapter.
The two former are expressly prohibited by the declarations prefixed to some of the State constitutions, and all of them are prohibited by the spirit and scope of these fundamental charters.
He looked like the darkly engraved portraits which we see prefixed to old volumes of sermons, and had no more right than one of those portraits would have to step forth, as he now did, and meddle with a question of human guilt, passion, and anguish.
To justify their zeal in this matter, they allege two things: one is that, though the constitution of New York has no bill of rights prefixed to it, yet it contains, in the body of it, various provisions in favor of particular privileges and rights, which, in substance amount to the same thing; the other is, that the Constitution adopts, in their full extent, the common and statute law of Great Britain, by which many other rights, not expressed in it, are equally secured.
Besides, the "de" which had been prefixed to his name, raised him to the rank of the person with whom he was conversing.
Yet, neither thus disheartened or dismayed, The time prefixed I waited; when behold The Baptist (of whose birth I oft had heard, Not knew by sight) now come, who was to come Before Messiah, and his way prepare!