The crystalloid fluid which was used for preloading
15-20 min before spinal anesthesia has relatively short intravascular life.
These methods include preloading
with crystalloids, colloids, prophylactic administration of ephedrine and phenylephrine and physical methods such as wrapping of legs, significantly reduces the incidence of hypotension.
Several measures have been advocated to decrease the severity of spinal induced hypotension like use of prophylactic vasoconstrictor, leg compression, trendelenberg position, left sided uterine displacement, but fluid preloading
is commonly practiced (3-7).
Prior to spinal anaesthesia crystalloid administration is recommended to reduce the incidence of hypotension and this is referred to as preloading
, although it's value has been questioned.
Compared with crystalloid preloading
, colloid preloading
is associated with less hypotension, nausea and vasopressor use after spinal placement (2, 3).
with patches 4 weeks before making a quit attempt was not significantly associated with smoking abstinence, mainly because of a decline in varenicline use, according to Paul Aveyard, PhD, and his associates at Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford (England).
Fayose, who spoke while featuring on a live radio and television programme, in Ado Ekiti, on Friday night, claimed that the alleged preloading
of the card readers was 'with a view to manipulating the poll in favour of the APC candidate, Dr Kayode Fayemi.'
THURSDAY, June 14, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Nicotine preloading
does not significantly increase subsequent smoking abstinence in adult daily smokers with tobacco dependence, according to a study published online June 13 in The BMJ.
Two techniques are usually used for the dewatering of soil slurry in land reclamation projects: the vacuum preloading
and geotextile tube systems .
As seen in the tweet below, DLC 2 will begin preloading
as of midnight EDT on April 16.
Different methods have been tested to find effective prophylactic technique against hypotension, for example, crystalloid preloading
or coloading, colloid coloading, use of different drugs like ephedrine or phenylephrine, and no single method was found effective alone.
of the ball screw feed drive was considered and the dynamic behavior of a vertical column-spindle system was analyzed by Hung et al.