premunition


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Related to premunition: concomitant immunity

pre·mu·ni·tion

 (prē′myo͝o-nĭsh′ən)
n.
Relative immunity to severe infection by a particular pathogen as a result of a chronic low-grade infection by the same pathogen.

[French prémunition, from Latin praemūnītiō, praemūnītiōn-, fortification beforehand, from praemūnītus, past participle of praemūnīre, to fortify in advance : prae-, pre- + mūnīre, to fortify; see munition.]

pre·mune′ (prē-myo͞on′) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

premunition

(ˌpriːmjʊˈnɪʃən)
n
(Medicine) med a state of immunity acquired as the result of a persistent latent infection
[C15 (in the sense: to protect beforehand): from Latin praemūnitiō, from praemūnīre, from prae before + mūnīre to fortify]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pre•mu•ni•tion

(ˌpri myuˈnɪʃ ən)

n.
a state of balance between host and infectious agent such that the immune defense of the host is sufficient to resist further infection but insufficient to destroy the agent.
[1920–35; < French prémunition < Latin praemūnītiō advance provisions for defense; see pre-, munition]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations

pre·mu·ni·tion

n. premunición, inmunidad a una infección específica debida a la presencia previa en el organismo del agente que la causa.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
[beaucoup moins que]L'approche des droits humains participe ainsi a une meilleure premunition de la population contre la tuberculose, a travers une meilleure hygiene de vie, meilleures conditions d'habitat et de travail, et permet de mieux prendre en charge les patients depistes[beaucoup plus grand que], a-t-elle dit.
Afebrile malaria is (premunition), a delayed clinical presentation of acute infection due to partial humoral immunity by IgM, IgG, and IgA antibodies against plasmodium toxins, or incomplete treatment which results in subcritical parasitemia10-12.
Les zaouias ont constitue un [beaucoup moins que] solide rempart [beaucoup plus grand que] de premunition de l'unite de la societe algerienne, de sa protection contre les courants extremistes et violents et de preservation de son referent national et religieux base sur le juste milieux et la moderation, a indique, hier, a Adrar, le ministre de l'Interieur et des Collectivites locales, Noureddine Bedoui.
In this study, we tested this vaccine against the syngeneic mouse tumor model, Neuro 2a neuroblastoma cell line, in A/J mice in both a postimplantation and a premunition prime/boost vaccination strategy.
"The night before I went for my results I had a premunition. I saw the whole event as it was; the hospital room and the doctor telling me that I had cancer, the whole scene.
This phenomenon appears to be due to premunition, defined as "resistance to new infections because of an existing infection with other strains." (7) It is therefore apparent that naturally-acquired immunity can be effective, however partial and short-lived it may be, dependent on continuous antigenic stimulation.
In recent years, a limited number of studies have focused on the mechanisms mediating premunition in humans.