premunition


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Related to premunition: concomitant immunity

pre·mu·ni·tion

 (prē′myo͝o-nĭsh′ən)
n.
Relative immunity to severe infection by a particular pathogen as a result of a chronic low-grade infection by the same pathogen.

[French prémunition, from Latin praemūnītiō, praemūnītiōn-, fortification beforehand, from praemūnītus, past participle of praemūnīre, to fortify in advance : prae-, pre- + mūnīre, to fortify; see munition.]

pre·mune′ (prē-myo͞on′) adj.

premunition

(ˌpriːmjʊˈnɪʃən)
n
(Medicine) med a state of immunity acquired as the result of a persistent latent infection
[C15 (in the sense: to protect beforehand): from Latin praemūnitiō, from praemūnīre, from prae before + mūnīre to fortify]

pre•mu•ni•tion

(ˌpri myuˈnɪʃ ən)

n.
a state of balance between host and infectious agent such that the immune defense of the host is sufficient to resist further infection but insufficient to destroy the agent.
[1920–35; < French prémunition < Latin praemūnītiō advance provisions for defense; see pre-, munition]
Translations

pre·mu·ni·tion

n. premunición, inmunidad a una infección específica debida a la presencia previa en el organismo del agente que la causa.
References in periodicals archive ?
Les zaouias ont constitue un [beaucoup moins que] solide rempart [beaucoup plus grand que] de premunition de l'unite de la societe algerienne, de sa protection contre les courants extremistes et violents et de preservation de son referent national et religieux base sur le juste milieux et la moderation, a indique, hier, a Adrar, le ministre de l'Interieur et des Collectivites locales, Noureddine Bedoui.
In this study, we tested this vaccine against the syngeneic mouse tumor model, Neuro 2a neuroblastoma cell line, in A/J mice in both a postimplantation and a premunition prime/boost vaccination strategy.
This phenomenon appears to be due to premunition, defined as "resistance to new infections because of an existing infection with other strains.
In recent years, a limited number of studies have focused on the mechanisms mediating premunition in humans.