When the big rift does descend, it's a proxy war but devastating nonetheless: prescriptive grammar
versus descriptive, Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage versus The Chicago Manual of Style.
Nowadays, strongly opposing views are no longer acceptable, since prescriptive grammar
offers relevant insight into descriptivism and there seems to be a blend of prescriptive and descriptive language accounts in the grammars of this period (Rodriguez-Gil 2003).
In the estimation of one European scholar, American literature has long drawn its genius from renegade orality, with the printed "spoken" voice unregulated by respectable notions of politics, social and racial standing, artistic orthodoxy, or prescriptive grammar
This view that current language use is not in a state of decline--a notion that is usually one of the keystones of any prescriptive grammar
or style guide--is also shared by GDR grammarians, who likewise feel that their new political system provides linguistic opportunities.
From this, it is possible to claim that foreign language learners should be directed to the discourse of native speakers in order to have an understanding of "language in use" from a descriptive perspective rather than following the subjective prescriptive grammar
This Web site, created by Pearson Publishing, offers numerous prescriptive grammar
lessons for teachers.
* Proposes that editing decisions be based on prescriptive grammar
, "organic" grammar, and relevant research
Chomsky's goal was not to write a prescriptive grammar
At risk to descriptive grammar is ambiguity, to prescriptive grammar
Writing a prescriptive grammar
is of course a perfectly legitimate exercise for a native speaker, but the reader could expect a clearer statement on the aims of the grammar, and a clearer distinction between descriptive and normative sections.
As Olivia Smith has rightly stressed, the inculcation of the tenets of prescriptive grammar
among the labouring classes was, for Cobbett, 'an act of class warfare'.(21) More specifically, however, Cobbett's Grammar fosters not only the linguistic disempowerment of political figures by illustrative example, but engages upon a complex examination of the real consequences of contemporary language attitudes on those seeking to make their voices heard.