present perfect


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Related to present perfect: past perfect

present perfect tense

The present perfect tense (sometimes referred to as the present perfect simple tense) is formed by using the present tense of the auxiliary verb “have” (or “has,” if used with third-person singular pronouns) along with the past participle of the “main” verb. Despite its name, the present perfect is used to give general information about something that happened in the past (anytime “before now”), but which did not occur at a definitive point in time.
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pres·ent per·fect

(prĕz′ənt pûr′fĭkt)
n.
1. The verb tense expressing action completed at the present time, formed in English by combining the present tense of have with a past participle, as in He has spoken.
2. A verb in the present perfect tense.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

present perfect

adj, n
(Grammar) grammar another term for perfect8, perfect11
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pres′ent per′fect


adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or being a verb tense or form indicating that the action or state expressed by the verb was completed prior to the present or that it extends up to or has results continuing up to the present, and consisting in English of have followed by a past participle, as have lived in We have lived here for two years.
n.
2. the present perfect tense.
3. a form in this tense.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.present perfect - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the present; "`I have finished' is an example of the present perfect"
perfect, perfect tense, perfective, perfective tense - a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

present perfect

n (Gram) → passato prossimo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
"That you may have less difficulty in believing this boast, of my present perfect indifference," she continued, "I will farther tell you, that there was a period in the early part of our acquaintance, when I did like him, when I was very much disposed to be attached to himnay, was attachedand how it came to cease, is perhaps the wonder.
The authors investigate the cross-linguistic variation in the semantics of various tense forms (Present, Imperfect, Present Perfect) and claim that it can be directly linked to their morphosyntactic properties, expressed in terms of an explicit theory of functional features and projections.
The countless holidays ranging from Thanksgiving to Father's Day to family celebrations and beyond all present perfect opportunities to promote knife sharpeners.
One of the interesting findings is that a binary semantic distinction between present and past time exists with the preterite forms of the verb zijn and the present perfect form of the lexical verbs predominating.
Werner, Seoane and Su<AEa>rez-G<AEo>mez argue that the present perfect (PP) has never ceased to be a highly topical issue in English linguistics, with the main general rational being the central position of the notion of temporality as an anthropological fundament.
The Class of '76 is putting up a coffee-table book titled ''Present Perfect'' to memorialize the four decades of their contribution to the legal profession and the nation's development in general.
However, of all tenses it is the 'present perfect tense' that matters.
Topics discussed include modals and the present perfect, constraints on the meanings of modal auxiliaries in counter-factual clauses, the Italian modal dovere in the conditional, German evidential constructions and their origins, epistemic modalities and evidentiality in standard spoken Tibetan, and fake past and covert emotive modality.
In section 3 I shall focus on two selected innovative features of the verbal system of CKS--the loss of Neo-pa"el and the constructions of present progressive and present perfect with an uninflected preverbal particle--and their close areal parallels in a variety of Neo-Aramaic dialects indigenous to the eastern regions of the NENA-speaking area.
(3) His model is useful in distinguishing between the present perfect, the simple past, and the pluperfect, forms that all refer to an eventuality in the past -- but with a different focus.
The present perfect in non-native Englishes; a corpus-based study of variation.