presuppose(redirected from presupposes)
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Related to presupposes: presupposition
tr.v. pre·sup·posed, pre·sup·pos·ing, pre·sup·pos·es
1. To believe or suppose in advance: "In passing moral judgments ... we presuppose that a man's actions, and hence also his being a good or a bad man, are in his power" (Leo Strauss).
2. To require or involve necessarily as an antecedent condition: "The term tax relief ... presupposes a conceptual metaphor: Taxes are an affliction" (George Lakoff).
pre·sup′po·si′tion (prē-sŭp′ə-zĭsh′ən) n.
1. to take for granted; assume
2. to require or imply as a necessary prior condition
3. (Philosophy) philosophy logic linguistics to require (a condition) to be satisfied as a precondition for a statement to be either true or false or for a speech act to be felicitous. Have you stopped beating your wife? presupposes that the person addressed has a wife and has beaten her
v.t. -posed, -pos•ing.
1. to suppose or assume beforehand; take for granted in advance.
2. to require or imply as an antecedent condition: An effect presupposes a cause.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Middle French]
pre`sup•po•si′tion (-sʌp əˈzɪʃ ən) n.
Past participle: presupposed
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|Verb||1.||presuppose - take for granted or as a given; suppose beforehand; "I presuppose that you have done your work"|
assume, presume, take for granted - take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof; "I assume his train was late"
postulate, posit - take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom; "He posited three basic laws of nature"
|2.||presuppose - require as a necessary antecedent or precondition; "This step presupposes two prior ones"|
logic - the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
imply - suggest as a logically necessary consequence; in logic