preterit


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

pret·er·ite

or pret·er·it  (prĕt′ər-ĭt)
adj.
Of, relating to, or being the verb tense that describes a past action or state.
n.
1. The verb form expressing or describing a past action or condition.
2. A verb in the preterite form.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin (tempus) praeteritum, past (tense), neuter past participle of praeterīre, to go by : praeter, beyond, comparative of prae, before; see per in Indo-European roots + īre, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

pret•er•it

or pret•er•ite

(ˈprɛt ər ɪt)

n.
1. a verb tense referring to a past, esp. completed, action or state, and expressed in English by using a verb inflected for the past tense with no auxiliaries; simple past.
2. a verb form in this tense, as took or lived.
adj.
3. (of a verb tense or form) expressing a past action or state.
4. Archaic. bygone; past.
[1300–50; Middle English < Latin praeteritus, past, past participle of praeterīre to go by =praeter- preter- + īre to go; as tense name < Latin (tempus) praeteritum]

preterit

A form of a verb that expresses a completed action, for example, “We slept.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preterit - a term formerly used to refer to the simple past tense
past tense, past - a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the past
Translations

preterit

n. gr. préterito, tiempo pasado.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a strictly synchronic analysis, the noun draf "action of driving," for instance, is morphologically related to the preterit of the Class I strong verb drifan "to drive," while the noun gedrif "tract" holds a morphological relation to the present of drifan.
The use of the preterit in the above passage indicates that the Argentine public has awoken to the plight of indigenous people and will no longer "hacer oidos sordos" to the claims of the communities.
The implicit grammar focus in this case (sse highlighting below) is the imperfect tense (red) and preterit (green) in Spanish.
The conclusion is that wayyiqtol cannot be considered preterit. Drawing a parallel with Neo-Aramaic short and long qatal forms of the present tense that function as irrealis/narrative past and habitual present, respectively, the author concludes that short "yiqtol (e.g., wayyiqtol) might be a virtually unmarked term that could be irrealis (e.g., jussive) or a narrative present" (p.
Although Genette qualifies a meeting of narration and story as resembling "a laboratory experiment" (Narrative 88), because of its impossibility, he later points out, in the same study, that works that conclude merging the preterit and present in a "final convergence" of narrative voice:
Special thanks are extended to Professor Taniguchi of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature and Professor Shimano of the Bunsei University of Art for the provision of the preterit subsurface temperature data used for this research.
For example, I used a time machine and a virtual reality story to show how we "travel back in time" (When I was a child) and "dream" (If I won) with the preterit (V-ed).
Since then, a large body of research on different grammatical structures in different languages has been conducted, including Spanish preterit (past) tense (Cadierno, 1995), Spanish accusative clitics (VanPaten, Farmer, & Clardy, 2009; VanPaten & Fernandez, 2004; VanPaten, Inclezan, et al., 2009; VanPaten & Sanz, 1995), Spanish subjunctive (Farley, 2001), Italian future tense (Benati, 2001), Spanish copula verbs ser and estar (Cheng, 2002), French causative (VanPaten & Wong, 2004), English simple past tense (Benati, 2005; Benati & Angelovska, 2015), English simple present tense (Bayrak & Soruc, 2017), and Japanese past tense and passive constructions (Benati, 2016).
The flat Lasnamae limestone and dolostone plateaus are covered with a thin, some tens of centimetres thick layer of gravelly soil (in some places it is entirely lacking), and in the depressions sediments of preterit bogs occur.
The preterit denotes the past and stresses that an action or state of affairs is no more.
"narrative prestige" (24) of the preterit, prevents any such
As the gerund momentarily suspends time, bringing forward the action of tying a stained napkin on a child's scrawny neck, the preterit introduces a second, abrupt and simultaneous, step--paso--into the scene.