In a strictly synchronic analysis, the noun draf "action of driving," for instance, is morphologically related to the preterit
of the Class I strong verb drifan "to drive," while the noun gedrif "tract" holds a morphological relation to the present of drifan.
The use of the preterit
in the above passage indicates that the Argentine public has awoken to the plight of indigenous people and will no longer "hacer oidos sordos" to the claims of the communities.
The implicit grammar focus in this case (sse highlighting below) is the imperfect tense (red) and preterit
(green) in Spanish.
The conclusion is that wayyiqtol cannot be considered preterit
. Drawing a parallel with Neo-Aramaic short and long qatal forms of the present tense that function as irrealis/narrative past and habitual present, respectively, the author concludes that short "yiqtol (e.g., wayyiqtol) might be a virtually unmarked term that could be irrealis (e.g., jussive) or a narrative present" (p.
Although Genette qualifies a meeting of narration and story as resembling "a laboratory experiment" (Narrative 88), because of its impossibility, he later points out, in the same study, that works that conclude merging the preterit
and present in a "final convergence" of narrative voice:
Special thanks are extended to Professor Taniguchi of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature and Professor Shimano of the Bunsei University of Art for the provision of the preterit
subsurface temperature data used for this research.
For example, I used a time machine and a virtual reality story to show how we "travel back in time" (When I was a child) and "dream" (If I won) with the preterit
Since then, a large body of research on different grammatical structures in different languages has been conducted, including Spanish preterit
(past) tense (Cadierno, 1995), Spanish accusative clitics (VanPaten, Farmer, & Clardy, 2009; VanPaten & Fernandez, 2004; VanPaten, Inclezan, et al., 2009; VanPaten & Sanz, 1995), Spanish subjunctive (Farley, 2001), Italian future tense (Benati, 2001), Spanish copula verbs ser and estar (Cheng, 2002), French causative (VanPaten & Wong, 2004), English simple past tense (Benati, 2005; Benati & Angelovska, 2015), English simple present tense (Bayrak & Soruc, 2017), and Japanese past tense and passive constructions (Benati, 2016).
The flat Lasnamae limestone and dolostone plateaus are covered with a thin, some tens of centimetres thick layer of gravelly soil (in some places it is entirely lacking), and in the depressions sediments of preterit
denotes the past and stresses that an action or state of affairs is no more.
"narrative prestige" (24) of the preterit
, prevents any such
As the gerund momentarily suspends time, bringing forward the action of tying a stained napkin on a child's scrawny neck, the preterit
introduces a second, abrupt and simultaneous, step--paso--into the scene.