preterite


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

past tense

The past tense is used to describe or indicate an action that began in the past. Depending on how we form the past tense, it might describe actions that happened or were completed in the past, were occurring at the same time as something else in the past, or continued to happen until or near the present time.
There are four forms of the Past Tense that can accomplish these tasks.
Continue reading...

pret·er·ite

or pret·er·it  (prĕt′ər-ĭt)
adj.
Of, relating to, or being the verb tense that describes a past action or state.
n.
1. The verb form expressing or describing a past action or condition.
2. A verb in the preterite form.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin (tempus) praeteritum, past (tense), neuter past participle of praeterīre, to go by : praeter, beyond, comparative of prae, before; see per in Indo-European roots + īre, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

preterite

(ˈprɛtərɪt) grammar or

preterit

n
1. (Grammar) a tense of verbs used to relate past action, formed in English by inflection of the verb, as jumped, swam
2. (Grammar) a verb in this tense
adj
(Grammar) denoting this tense
[C14: from Late Latin praeteritum (tempus) past (time, tense), from Latin praeterīre to go by, from preter- + īre to go]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preterite - a term formerly used to refer to the simple past tense
past tense, past - a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the past
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
preterit
preteritum

preterite

[ˈpretərɪt] N (Ling) → pretérito m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

preterite

[ˈpretərɪt] nprétérit m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

preterite

, (esp US) preterit
adj verbim Imperfekt; (in English) → im Präteritum; preterite formImperfekt-/Präteritumsform f; the preterite tensedas Imperfekt, das Präteritum
nImperfekt nt, → Präteritum nt; in the preteriteim Imperfekt/Präteritum
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

preterite

[ˈprɛtrɪt] n(tempo) passato, preterito
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
It is usually understood as a D preterite 3rd singular of abalu 'to dry up', plus a subordinating -u.
However, the authors show surprise that Catalan uses the present paradigm of anar 'to go' to form the preterite, when there exist in English many expressions like So he goes and drives into a fence, a dramatic or graphic use of the present tense to allude to past events.
This emphasis on the paradoxical flexibility and fixity of the past is both thematically and formally significant; the literary preterite tense used in this and most other realist novels constructs for the reader a contradictory sense of experiencing as present something that has ostensibly already happened, suggesting that the novel's events are already fixed in the past.
The presence of the perfect in the main clause, with preterite in the since clause represents the main pattern.
Or, even better, Why have we allowed the very futures of Latinidad to be colonized through an insistence on the narrative renderings of our stories, our lives, our Latinidades, in the preterite and imperfect tense of the historical imagination?
If Nicholas is simply reflecting on events, then the present tense interjections in the novel have no priority; they offer no point upon which to anchor the preterite. Past and present are not temporally distinct from each other in the world of the story.
In Spanish, data from a subset of Spanish infinitives (n = 511) taken from a Spanish database that contains over 175,000 word types (LEXESP; Sebastian-Galles, Marti, Carreiras, & Cuetos, 2000) revealed that 81% of the verbs were regular and 19% were irregular verbs in the Preterite.