questionnaire having 05 questions was handed out to each participant, followed by a full day program comprising two activities.
Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to determine if there was a significant positive change in knowledge, attitudes, access and confidence from pretest
to post-test and if there was a significant interaction between group and time.
Before exposing the study group participants to the intervention, both the groups were exposed to pretest
. Lectures with various techniques used to make them interactive were started for the study group participants.
In terms of state anxiety scores, no statistically significant difference was identified between pretest
scores (p>0,05); however, a statistically significant difference was found between the scores of posttest and difference of differences (p<0,05).
They indicated that there was a significant difference in the levels of State and Trait Anxieties in the pretest
and posttest measures in both men and women.
Intuitively, one would expect the opposite, in other words under the assumptions of the Solomon's four groups test design the mean of the post-test scores of the group that was not subject to the pre-test would be expected to be lower than the mean of the post-test scores of the group that was in fact subject to the pretest
. In this specific case, the opposite result is found and, therefore, by looking at the data one would expect that the difference is zero or minimal.
(Table II) The overall median test scores improved from pretest
(65%) to immediate post-test (75%)' and then decreased to 70% for the follow-up posttest.
Para evaluar el efecto del programa, en primer lugar, se realizaron analisis descriptivos (medias y desviaciones tipicas) y de varianza multivariantes y univariantes (MANOVA, ANOVA) con las puntuaciones pretest
de los adolescentes experimentales y control.
ESC guidelines may offer more accurate pretest
probabilities of CAD and allow a more targeted and cost-effective use of investigations.
The investigator hypothesized that there will be a gain in the knowledge of middle-aged women regarding the prevention of osteoporosis after giving the intervention and also that demographic variables will be associated with pretest
Students completed a pretest
as well as a posttest after receiving one or more of the treatments.