prevalence

(redirected from pretest probability)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.

prev·a·lence

 (prĕv′ə-ləns)
n.
1. The condition of being prevalent.
2. Medicine The total number of cases of a disease in a given population at a specific time.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prevalence - the quality of prevailing generally; being widespread; "he was surprised by the prevalence of optimism about the future"
generality - the quality of being general or widespread or having general applicability
currency - general acceptance or use; "the currency of ideas"
2.prevalence - (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population
epidemiology - the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
ratio - the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient)
3.prevalence - a superiority in numbers or amount; "a preponderance of evidence against the defendant"
number, figure - the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals; "he had a number of chores to do"; "the number of parameters is small"; "the figure was about a thousand"

prevalence

noun commonness, frequency, regularity, currency, universality, ubiquity, common occurrence, pervasiveness, extensiveness, widespread presence, rampancy, rifeness the prevalence of asthma in Britain and Western Europe

prevalence

noun
Translations
إنْتِشار، شُيوع
převaha
udbredelse
elterjedtség
útbreiîsla
geçerlilikyaygınlık

prevalence

[ˈprevələns] N
1. (= dominance) → predominio m
2. (= frequency) → frecuencia f

prevalence

[ˈprɛvələns] n [illness, condition] → prévalence f

prevalence

n (= widespread occurrence)Vorherrschen nt, → weite Verbreitung; (of crime, disease)Häufigkeit f; (of fashion, style)Beliebtheit f

prevalence

[ˈprɛvələns] n (of crime, customs, attitude) → larga diffusione f; (of conditions) → prevalere m

prevail

(priˈveil) verb
1. (with over or against) to win or succeed. With God's help we shall prevail over sin and wickedness; Truth must prevail in the end.
2. to be most usual or common. This mistaken belief still prevails in some parts of the country.
preˈvailing adjective
1. most frequent. The prevailing winds are from the west.
2. common or widespread at the present time. the prevailing mood of discontent among young people.
prevalent (ˈprevələnt) adjective
common; widespread. Lung diseases used to be prevalent among miners.
prevalence (ˈprevələns) noun
prevail on/upon
to persuade. Can I prevail on you to stay for supper?

prev·a·lence

n. prevalencia, número de casos en una población afectados por la misma enfermedad en un tiempo determinado.

prevalence

n prevalencia
References in periodicals archive ?
Notable in this case is that CTCA was used as the initial test in evaluating the patient, especially given the low pretest probability for the presence of coronary disease.
As many as one in four American adults meet criteria for a high pretest probability risk for OSA.
One of the most important principles of laboratory testing is the statistical concept implied by the Bayes theorem: the likelihood of a finding being true is related to the pretest probability of truth times the likelihood ratio associated with the test.
That's a very high pretest probability when you're talking about cancer, way higher than when you think about an abnormal mammogram," she said.
Clinical practice guidelines indicate that the potential harms of CT angiography outweigh the benefits for patients with a low pretest probability of pulmonary embolism.
HIV/heart experts advise first figuring the pretest probability that a person has CHD.
This is because the level of clinical suspicion or pretest probability may be low in this racial group.
4) An understanding of the patient population, patient pretest probability of CAD, Bayes' theorem, and the risk, benefits and limitations of each technology will enable the medical imaging professional to assist clinicians with test selection.
In their study, 3%, 17% and 75% of the patients with low, mode and high pretest probability, respectively, had DVT.
HemosIL D-Dimer HS 500 is a liquid, ready-to-use, automated latex-enhanced immunoassay for the quantitative determination of D-Dimer in human citrated plasma on the ACL TOP Family of Hemostasis Testing Systems for use in conjunction with a clinical pretest probability (PTP) assessment model to exclude venous thromboembolism (VTE) in outpatients suspected of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).
For example, using pretest probability calculations, we determined that, in our patient population, a woman with a solitary lung nodule and a previous history of breast cancer was 2.