pretonic

pretonic

(priːˈtɒnɪk)
adj
(Phonetics & Phonology) denoting or relating to the syllable before the one bearing the primary stress in a word
References in periodicals archive ?
In the syllabic and paused phonetic transcription [n mi'ninn falto aw tejti di psikulu zia], this phenomenon occurs, as mentioned above, with the first vowel of the word "menina" (it is in a pretonic position), and the vowel phoneme of the word "teste" (it occurs in the final postonic position).
In traditional tonal harmony, subdominant and dominant chords have specific discrete functions within a key, so why jettison those useful concepts in favor of "pretonic" or "hypo pre-subdominant"?
A Neglected Phonetic Law: The Assimilation of Pretonic yod to a Following Coronal in North-West Semitic.
The presentation shows how pretonic choices may convey a wide range of attitudes, tonicity is responsible for focus management and tonality controls the flow of information.
Note that some compound words, such as uberraschen, retain the long vowel [y:] when the syllable is pretonic. This is because the first syllable bears a secondary stress, rather than being fully unstressed.
Five tenders for the supply of (a) pretonic washing connections and kidney washing catheters, (b) regular x - ray films, (c) urology requisites, (d) pharmacists requisites and (e) general purpose medical requisites.
E: There are two cases where > i: lialmente (V: 23); mita (VI: 41), and only two cases where > u in zutare (II: 7); zutati (I: 7).28 I also include here cases where 'e' has been kept in a syntactic pretonic position.29 For Mil., there are sporadic cases in (DI, 45; MOR, 334; R, [section]137; V, 58).
(5) loss of constriction in pretonic and post--posttonic syllables: *VR' > *VR and *V': > *V:, but preservation of the constriction under the stress and in the first posttonic syllable,
Recent studies on the intonation of Peninsular Spanish (Beckman, Diaz Campos, McGory and Morgan 2002 and Estebas-Vilaplana and Prieto 2008) and other Spanish varieties (Sosa 1999) have even described the last pitch accent of neutral declaratives as a low tone ([L.sup.*]) as opposed to the accent used for contrast (L+[H.sup.*]) which stands for a non-downstepped peak preceded by a low FO on the pretonic syllable.
The constraint ALL-FT-RIGHT must also rank above WSP in order to account for the possible occurrences of unstressed heavy syllables in pretonic positions, such as /piskaubu-av/ [pis.kaw.(bwav)].(14) If ALL-FT-RIGHT is dominated by WSP, [pis.kaw .(bwav)] would incorrectly lose to *[pi[??].(kaw).(bwav)].
However, in order to account for some instances of SCF in pretonic position (e.g.
von Wartburg, the e forms are to be attributed to analogy with pretonic ja [right arrow] je: see W.