He was the progeny of an aristocratic family in Recanati, an area of preunification
Italy then part of the Papal States.
A well known consequence of the volatile atmosphere in preunification
Italy is Verdi's battles with censorship.
Germany's introduction of a common currency upon reunification proved costly because the East's ostmark had a preunification
value just one-fourth that of the deutsche mark.
The estimations have been carried out on the basis of data for ten manufacturing industries in the 17 countries Canada (CAN), Czech Republic (CZE), preunification
(until 1990) West Germany (DEW), postunification (1991 onwards) Germany (DEU), Denmark (DNK), Finland (FIN), France (FRA), Italy (ITA), Japan (JPN), South Korea (KOR), Netherlands (NLD), Norway (NOR), Poland (POL), Spain (ESP), Sweden (SWE), the United Kingdom (GBR), and the United States (USA).
In contrast, preunification
Social Democrats, feminists and the Greens had for long strictly resisted any family policy that could have been interpreted as "pronatalist", while Christian Democrats, albeit troubled by the declining West German birth rate (since the 1970s among the lowest in the Western world), had pursued family policies that explicitly followed the line "neither NAZI nor GDR".
When compared to the preunification
fractional ownership by institutions (almost 35 percentage points), this implies a 30.9% increase.
Asthma prevalence was also lower in preunification
East Germany than in West Germany (von Mutius et al.
Pinquart, Juang, and Silbereisen studied change in the career decisions of adolescents facing German unification--1991 to 1995--and concluded that high preunification
self-efficacy beliefs, grades, and having parents who were university graduates increased the probability of students changing from non-college-bound vocational training to university studies.
(166) These were all subterfuges: the ICCPR and jus cogens norms were never thought to apply to domestic prosecutions like the border guard cases, and East German law, whose preunification
domestic validity was acknowledged by West Germany in the unification treaty, authorized the border guards to kill people who were trying to escape.
Set up in Potsdamer Platz near the Berlin Wall on Mayday 1980, two circus tents, one large and one small, hosted a lively assortment of performances and exhibitions that flourished in the city's preunification
Anglophones also lament the lack of investment in the southern region, where the standard of living, they complain, has dropped below preunification
The eastern regressions are for 1990 and 1999, whereas for consistency with the figures the western regressions use preunification