Following high school, students can attend a College d'enseignement general et professionnel, or CEGEP, a postsecondary institution that offers three-year occupational training programs and two-year preuniversity
academic programs in Quebec.
They can do that without compromising educational values by taking into account, in selecting students, the evidence that students from disadvantaged schools surpass their peers from better schools who were awarded the same scores in their preuniversity
Respondents with secondary preuniversity
or intermediate vocational education are in the reference group.
and more) * No quota regarding education or city size sample; (a) education levels--low: up to prevocational education; medium: secondary vocational education and preuniversity
education; high: university degree; inhab.
The mean score for understanding PI in patients with 7 or less years of education was (2.21 [+ or -] 2.14), which was significantly less compared with the mean score of patients with 8-10 years of education (3.92 [+ or -] 1.68, P < 0.001), those with preuniversity
(4.44 [+ or -] 1.26, P < 0.001), graduation (4.94 [+ or -] 0.23, P < 0.001), and master's degree (5 [+ or -] 0.00, P < 0.046) (Figure 2).
The four risk factors exhibited no significant difference with regard to parents' educational statuses, father's occupation, family monthly income, student's monthly allowance, and preuniversity
place of residence (p > 0.05).
The participant's education at preuniversity
level scored less compared to those having high education level ([chi square] = 72; p = 0.007).
Education level was assessed using the question: "What is your highest completed educational level?" The response alternatives were 1: primary education, 2: secondary education, practical training, 3: prevocational secondary education, 4: vocational training, 5: general secondary education or preuniversity
education, 6: professional university education, and 7: university.
The specific purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between students' gender, family background, preuniversity
achievement and academic, social, personal-emotional and institutional adjustment to university.
Besides, in the context of a preuniversity
course, the author highlightsthe complexity of CLIL training and the necessity of "[...] constant revisions of how the program is working, and implementing action research about the situations related to operating a program of this type" (Nunez Asomoza, 2015, p.
In the selected college, information was collected regarding the number of sections in 1st and 2nd year of Preuniversity
, and 1st and 2nd year of degree, and also information was collected as to how many of these classes belonged to Arts and Science.