In sections on enregisterment, phonology, syntax and discourse features, sociolinguists, and language and corpus, they discuss such topics as Dickens and northern English: stereotyping and "authenticity" reconsidered, the linguistic landscape of northeast England, external and internal factors in a leveling process: prevocalic
(r) in Carlisle English, whether the syntax of Scottish newspapers reflects Scottish national identities, changing domains of dialect use: a real-time study of Shetland schoolchildren, and new perspectives on Scottish Standard English: introducing the Scottish component of the International Corpus of English.
(g) Nasals Intervocalic plosives > Prevocalic
plosives > Postvocalic plosives (example: compare [aba] with [ba] with [ab].
For example, a stop is clearer in prevocalic
position than postvocalic regarding its release burst.
Another feature that seems stable is the choice of sigma s in the initial, prevocalic
position of shorter words such as sa and son, in contrast to the long s preferred by the scribe who copied the last item in the manuscript.
Amapu (God) begins with a soft a, whereas 'amapu (shell) begins with a prevocalic
Some notes about the liberties I had to take with Latin pronunciation to make American English sounds: prevocalic
v has a w sound, as in "way" prevocalic
I has a y sound as in "yes" prevocalic
ci has a sh sound as in "shop" a followed by a doubled consonant has the short u sound as in "tub." o followed by a doubled consonant has the aw sound as in "law" ai is used for the long I sound as in "high" ae is used for the short a sound as in "hat" Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star Tuincl [intersection] tuinclere tain [club] starrum, Vanndr [intersection] vanndere uatiu.
These features included single prevocalic
consonants, such as /k/, /t/, and /r/, and consonant digraphs, such as [wh], [wr], and [ck].
Specifically, the stimuli target words had prevocalic
voiced consonants which induced almost identical rising F0 perturbations for both high and low tone words.
A final example of pastiche in Against the Day is facetious: One day the noted Uyghur troublemaker, Al Mar-Fuad showed up in English hunting tweeds and a deerstalker cap turned sideways, with a sort of ultimatum in which one might just detect that difficulty with the prevocalic
r typical of the British upper class.
(1) In the first volume of Studia Anglica Posnaniensia, the editor contributed a piece on prevocalic
consonant clusters in the history of English, including, of course, Old English.
(a.) 1 = Syllable Omission; 2 = Consonant Sequence Omission; 3 = Prevocalic
Singleton Omission; 4 = Postvocalic Singleton Omission; 5 = Strident Deficiencies; 6 = Velar Obstruent Deficiencies; 7 = Liquid(1) Deficiencies; 8 = Liquid Deficiencies; 9 = Nasal Deficiencies; 10 = Glide Deficiencies.
There are prevocalic
and preconsonantal allomorphs of the ergative markers.