Best evidence suggests small females were primiparous
, which provided the opportunity to compare estimated fecundity of primiparous
and multiparous females.
The risk of dual burden was increased with cesarean birth (adjusted relative risks [aRRs], 3.3, 8.1, and 3.9 for primiparous
primary, multiparous primary, and repeat, respectively).
After obtaining the permission from the Institutional Ethics Committee, 60 primiparous
women in the second trimester of pregnancy with PIH and 60 healthy, normotensive primiparous
women in second trimester matched with respect to maternal age, gestational age, and body mass index were selected.
Amniotomy does result in about a 55% reduction of pitocin use in multiparous women, a small (5 minutes) decrease in the duration of second-stage labor in primiparous
women, and about a 50% overall reduction in dysfunctional labor--ie, no progress in cervical dilation in 2 hours or ineffective uterine contractions (SOR: A, large meta-analyses of RCTs and a single RCT with conflicting results).
Due to the low number of cows in the other breed groups, lactation curves are presented only for primiparous
and multiparous Indigenous zebus cows (Fig.
Inclusion criteria for this systematic review were: longitudinal studies, clinical trials, control trials; studies published between January 1, 1999 (date of first publication on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale) and September 1, 2015; application of the BSES scale (original and reduced); studies that presented follow-up of breastfeeding for 6 months or longer; that analyzed the specific scale and other variables; found only in indexed journals; with results; (primiparous
or not), regardless of age or race, and published in Portuguese, English or Spanish.
Primiparity is recognized as a risk factor for perineal tears (10), since up to 73% of primiparous
women develop moderate perineal tears, and 1% to 19% of vaginal births occur with sphincter laceration, thus involving third or fourth degree tears.
Eight of them were multiparous and four were primiparous
. One of them had completed elementary school; five of them had completed high school; another five did not complete this segment and only one attended higher education.
Two-hundred-eighty-two (75.2%) were primiparous
All 4 patients were term female infants born to primiparous
mothers with symptoms suggestive of Zika virus infection during the first trimester of pregnancy
The highest percentage of follicular (28.57%; 82/287) and luteal (22.5%; 18/80) cysts occurred in primiparous
animals (Figure 3).
Sample Group: The meta-analysis included (a) women who used the upright and recumbent positions in the first stage of labor, (b) women with single fetus and vertex presentations, (c) women who planned vaginal birth, (d) women with no maternal and obstetric complications, (e) primiparous
or multiparous women, (f) women who did not receive any type of epidural anesthesia, and (g) women who experienced spontaneous or instrumental labor.