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pri·or 1

1. Preceding in time or order: "[They] insist that foreign vessels seeking access obtain prior approval" (Seymour M. Hersh).
2. Preceding in importance or value: a prior consideration.
Usage Problem Before.
A previous conviction or arrest: The suspect has two priors.

[Latin; see prior2.]

pri′or·ly adv.
Usage Note: Though prior usually modifies a noun that comes after it, as in prior approval, it sometimes modifies a noun for a unit of time which precedes it, as in five years prior. These constructions are marginally acceptable when the combination serves as the object of a preposition, as in A gallon of gasoline was $4.29, up 10 cents from the week prior. In our 2014 survey, 51 percent of the Panelists accepted the sentence, with many commenting that they would prefer from the prior week or from the week before. The construction is even less acceptable when it acts as an adverbial modifier: only 29 percent of the Panel approved My cell phone was stolen. I had just bought it two days prior.

pri·or 2

1. A monastic officer in charge of a priory or ranking next below the abbot of an abbey.
2. One of the ruling magistrates of the medieval Italian republic of Florence.

[Middle English priour, from Old English and Old French prior, both from Medieval Latin, from Latin, superior; see per in Indo-European roots.]

pri′or·ate (-ĭt), pri′or·ship′ (-shĭp′) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Priorly, it used to host the objects of the National Guard such as the headquarter, barracks, gym, dining room, etc.
Claiming that interior ministry should accept its mistake for apprehending the Senator, Mandviwalla stated that no information on the subject was priorly given to Senate.
Also, the open-label extension study for patients priorly enrolled in the phase 2b clinical study has now been started with the highest dose of BAN2401, 10mg/kg (milligram per kilogram) twice a month.
Our study involving normotensive patients exhibited some similarities and differences in terms of HR' SBP' DBP' MAP and RPP values immediately after tracheal intubation with respect to studies priorly conducted.
Basic system parameters and circuit configurations were investigated priorly and were discussed.
This normalization procedure allowed task-related mu (8-13 Hz) and beta (15-30 Hz) power fluctuations to be readily visualized in sensor space as the following: a decrease (blue, Figure 2) was observed priorly and extending to the movement and imaged using a -500 to 500 ms (1000 ms for mu-ERD) time window (with time 0 being the onset of the movement).
This patient did not undertake patency capsule testing priorly as there were no significant symptoms or risk factors suggestive of intestinal obstruction.
In one patient, a cystic duct stump leak was noted at the time of LAERCP that resulted from the laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed one week priorly. Primary closure of the cystic duct stump could not be performed.
Second, these filters do not use priorly known information for initialization at starting points of sliding windows.
His symptoms started four weeks priorly, beginning with constitutional symptoms of headache, fatigue, and vertigo.
Axillary and mediastinal lymphadenopathy and hepatic metastases were unchanged from 10 days priorly (Figure 2).