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pri·or 1

1. Preceding in time or order: "[They] insist that foreign vessels seeking access obtain prior approval" (Seymour M. Hersh).
2. Preceding in importance or value: a prior consideration.
Usage Problem Before.
A previous conviction or arrest: The suspect has two priors.

[Latin; see prior2.]

pri′or·ly adv.
Usage Note: Though prior usually modifies a noun that comes after it, as in prior approval, it sometimes modifies a noun for a unit of time which precedes it, as in five years prior. These constructions are marginally acceptable when the combination serves as the object of a preposition, as in A gallon of gasoline was $4.29, up 10 cents from the week prior. In our 2014 survey, 51 percent of the Panelists accepted the sentence, with many commenting that they would prefer from the prior week or from the week before. The construction is even less acceptable when it acts as an adverbial modifier: only 29 percent of the Panel approved My cell phone was stolen. I had just bought it two days prior.

pri·or 2

1. A monastic officer in charge of a priory or ranking next below the abbot of an abbey.
2. One of the ruling magistrates of the medieval Italian republic of Florence.

[Middle English priour, from Old English and Old French prior, both from Medieval Latin, from Latin, superior; see per in Indo-European roots.]

pri′or·ate (-ĭt), pri′or·ship′ (-shĭp′) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Ecclesiastical Terms) the office of a prior
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.priorship - the office of prior
berth, billet, post, situation, position, office, place, spot - a job in an organization; "he occupied a post in the treasury"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
So in a systematic theory educational managers with several purpose and priorship and its consecution would be familiar with these factors and consider That: " life of a system and entity reason of a system depends on making realization of its goals." (Safi 1994 pp 116-7).
(29) Nonetheless, in the end Gomes apparently reformed the Order with such efficiency that the Pope released him from this office in less than two years, conceding him, on 1 July 1441, the Priorship of Santa Cruz of Coimbra, one of the long standing centres of culture and scholarship.
The first sentence, dated January 27, 1302, charged Dante, as one of several named white guelph leaders, with a host of crimes ("baractarias, lucra illicita, iniquas extorsiones in pecunia vel in rebus") allegedly committed during his priorship in the spring of 1300, and gave him three days to defend himself in person and pay an exorbitant fine of five- hundred florins (Piattoli 105).