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A prison is a building where criminals or other people are kept and are not allowed to leave.
Prison is used without an article when talking about the punishment of going to prison, without mentioning which particular prison. For example, you can say that someone is in prison, is sent to prison, or is released from prison.
Don't use 'the' in front of prison unless you are referring to a particular prison.
|Noun||1.||prison - a correctional institution where persons are confined while on trial or for punishment|
bastille - a jail or prison (especially one that is run in a tyrannical manner)
correctional institution - a penal institution maintained by the government
nick - (British slang) a prison; "he's in the nick"
panopticon - a circular prison with cells distributed around a central surveillance station; proposed by Jeremy Bentham in 1791
state prison - a prison maintained by a state of the U.S.
|2.||prison - a prisonlike situation; a place of seeming confinement|
situation, state of affairs - the general state of things; the combination of circumstances at a given time; "the present international situation is dangerous"; "wondered how such a state of affairs had come about"; "eternal truths will be neither true nor eternal unless they have fresh meaning for every new social situation"- Franklin D.Roosevelt
"Prison is a second-by-second assault on the soul, a day-to-day degradation of the self" [Mumia Abu-Jamal Live From Death Row]
"Stone walls do not a prison make,"
"Nor iron bars a cage" [Richard Lovelace To Althea, from Prison]
"Prisons are built with stones of Law, brothels with bricks of Religion" [William Blake The Marriage of Heaven and Hell]
to be in prison → estar en la cárcel, estar en prisión
to go to prison for five years (= be sentenced) → ser condenado a cinco años de cárcel or prisión; (= be imprisoned) → pasar cinco años en la cárcel or en prisión
to put sb in prison → encarcelar a algn
to release sb from prison → poner a algn en libertad, excarcelar a algn (frm)
to send sb to prison (= imprison) → encarcelar a algn
to send sb to prison for two years (= sentence) → condenar a algn a dos años de prisión
see also maximum A1
see also open E
prison camp N → campamento m para prisioneros
prison cell N → celda f de la cárcel or prisión
prison governor N → director(a) m/f de (la) prisión
prison life N → vida f en la cárcel
prison officer N → carcelero/a m/f
prison population N → número m de reclusos
prison riot N → motín m carcelario
prison sentence N (Brit) → condena f
see also serve A4 the prison service N → los servicios penitenciarios
prison system N → sistema m penitenciario
prison term N (US) = prison sentence prison van N → coche m celular
prison visitor N → visitante mf de la prisión
prison warden N (US) = prison governor prison yard N → patio m de (la) cárcel
in prison → en prison
to be in prison → être en prison
to become a prison [relationship, situation] → devenir une prison
to be in prison → essere in prigione
to go to prison for 5 years → essere condannato/a a 5 anni di carcere or di reclusione
to send sb to prison for 2 years → condannare qn a 2 anni di reclusione