probabilist


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prob·a·bi·lism

 (prŏb′ə-bə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. Philosophy The doctrine that probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action, since certainty in knowledge is unattainable.
2. Roman Catholic Church The system of moral theology that applies when the lawfulness of an act is uncertain, by allowing an actor to follow an opinion favoring personal liberty if that opinion is solidly probable, even though an opposing opinion, favoring law, is more probable.

prob′a·bi·list adj. & n.
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References in periodicals archive ?
To evaluate the probability of a hypothesis, the Bayesian probabilist specifies some prior probability, which is then updated to a posterior probability in the light of new, relevant data.
4) Probabilist consequentialists of the expected wellbeing variety carefully weigh the possible outcomes of an act, that is, an act's best and worst possible outcomes, and factor in the probability for each outcome.
The probabilist might assume that when you know nothing, the rational starting point is fifty percent.
clearly has a theological preference for terminology as interpreted in the probabilist tradition.
The author explores the prospects for modelling epistemic rationality (in the probabilist setting) via an epistemic decision theory, in a consequentialist spirit.
Among the first publications one can indicate his paper Mesures dans les espaces produits, in Atti dei Lincei, 1949, in which he improves some results due to the well known probabilist J.
If a probabilist says, "There is a 30% chance that Tom is tall," the speaker supposes that Tom is either tall or not tall, and given imperfect evidence he thinks that it is only 30% likely that Tom would end up in the tall category upon accurate measurement.
Probabilist stratified sample according to region of development and residence, carried out in 60 rural settlements, 57 towns, and the Bucarest municipality; face-to-face interviewing at the respondents' home.
First there is the probabilist sense I was talking about, but there is also a second sense which simultaneously brings together Blanchot and Deleuze (as well as Derrida and Husserl).
However, this probabilist moral context, its relationship to an evolving climate of skepticism and doubt, and the relevance of casuist treatises as 'carriers of political thought in the early modern period' has been either neglected or discounted.
These are suitable for computational processing to calculate a wide range of summary parameters based on a probabilist interpretation of light transmission and crop interception characteristics (Walklate et al.
Pascal's blisteringly influential take on the matter, set forth in his Provincial Letters and depicting the Jesuits as altogether too lenient and too lax (advocates of "a set of monstrous principles" [134]), turns out to be hurriedly ill-informed about the origins of the Probabilist opinion, certainly, as also, though perhaps in lesser degree, about its very nature.