Rudolf Taschner surveys the history of games and different approaches, from the evolution of

probability theory to word plays and the current model of applying game theory to military strategy and global finance.

Celebrating the 50th anniversary of one of the most classical models in

probability theory, Aufflinger, Damron, and Hanson describe the main results of first-passage percolation, paying special attention to the recent burst of developments.

In particular, the Systems Science program seeks intellectual advances in which underlying theories (such as

probability theory, decision theory, game theory, organizational sociology, behavioral economics or cognitive psychology) are integrated and abstracted to develop explanatory models for design and systems engineering in a general, domain-independent fashion.

As cyberthreat analysts, experts rely on the company's machine learning and Bayesian

probability theory to protect customers from cyberthreats.

It begins with a brief review of

probability theory, which provides an understanding of the core building block of entropy.

Following his graduation in 1946, Ionescu Tulcea has been appointed on a position of Assistant at the Chair of

Probability Theory and remained with the University of Bucharest for the next 11 years.

Before the formula, investment decisions were not much different than betting: this details much of the work leading to the equation's discovery, from early science and business pursuits of accountants, chemists and mathematicians working across Europe to thinkers who developed a theory of financial markets and applied

probability theory to their operations.

Lin's text is not intended to provide a complete background in

probability theory and stochastic processes.

This approach, although is analogous to

probability theory, can be carried out under weaker assumption and used when limited observational information is available.

They cover the representation of signals and systems, amplitude modulation, angle modulation,

probability theory and random processes, noise in continuous wave modulation systems, the transition from analog to digital, baseband digital transmission, digital band-pass transmission techniques, and information theory and coding.

Probability theory is spontaneous and you can't really brush it up.

BIG surprise for Mike nWright (Letters, August 31) - I am qualified in statistics, which includes

probability theory.