probenecid


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Related to probenecid: allopurinol

pro·ben·e·cid

 (prō-bĕn′ĭ-sĭd)
n.
A uricosuric drug, C13H19NO4S, derived from benzoic acid and used chiefly in the treatment of gout.

[pro(pyl) + ben(zoic) (a)cid.]

probenecid

(prəʊˈbɛnɪsɪd)
n
(Pharmacology) a drug used to increase the excretion of uric acid in urine as a treatment for gout
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.probenecid - a uricosuric drug that reduces the level of uric acid in the blood; used to treat gout
medicament, medication, medicinal drug, medicine - (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
Translations

probenecid

n probenecid m
References in periodicals archive ?
Given its potential nephrotoxicity and potential preexisting renal compromise in this patient population, lower doses (0.25-1mg/kg/ once/week versus traditional 3-5mg/kg/week), administration through an intravesical route via urethral catheter (invasive), or combination with probenecid, have all been proposed to reduce potential renal injury.
If you can't tolerate either of the XOIs, your physician may prescribe the uricosuric drug probenecid, which lowers uric acid by increasing its excretion by the kidneys.
In a retrospective study in which the treatment methods of gout were evaluated, a NSAII was used at the rate of 41.7%, colchicine 16.7%, corticosteroid 21%, probenecid 1.4%, and allopurinol 31.8%, and 39% of the patients reported that they did not receive any treatment (5).
The World Anti-Doping Agency list also includes probenecid, 5[alpha] reductase inhibitors, diuretics and ketoconazole [19].
In the second trial, known as sulopenem for resistant enterobacteriaceae, or SURE 2, IV sulopenem followed by oral sulopenem etzadroxil combined with probenecid in a bilayer tablet will be compared to IV ertapenem followed by oral ciprofloxacin in adults with complicated urinary tract infections.
Available US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved options for lowering sUA include xanthine oxidase inhibitors (allopurinol and febuxostat) that prevent production of uric acid; a uricosuric agent (probenecid) that increases uric acid output in urine; and a uric acid-specific enzyme (pegloticase) that converts uric acid to allantoin.
MRP2 (ABCC2) transports taxanes and confers paclitaxel resistance and both processes are stimulated by probenecid. Int J Cancer 2005;116:824-829.
Medication causing decreased renal elimination (aminoglycosides, cyclosporine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, sulfonamides, probenecid, salicylates, penicillin, colchicine, cisplatin, and other nephrotoxic drugs) and drugs causing displacement of methotrexate from its protein-binding sites (salicylates, probenecid, sulfonamides, barbiturates, phenytoin, retinoids, sulfonylureas, and tetracyclines) significantly increase its toxicity.
Barbhaiya, "Pharmacokinetic Interactions of Cefprozil With Food, Propantheline, Metoclopramide, and Probenecid in Healthy Volunteers," The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol.
Probenecid, a Panx1 inhibitor, protects against oxygen-glucose deprivation injury in primary astrocytes by regulating inflammasome activity [44].
IV amikacin and cefoxitin with probenecid were started, and intravenous ampicillin/sulbactam was discontinued.
Homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid cerebrospinal fluid levels: a study with and without probenecid administration of their relationship to the state of consciousness after head injury.