Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to proclitic: enclitic


A clitic that is attached to the beginning of another word.
Of or relating to a proclitic or proclisis; forming an accentual unit with the following word.

[New Latin procliticus : pro- + Late Latin (en)cliticus, enclitic; see enclitic.]

pro·clit′i·ci·za′tion (-ə-sĭ-zā′shən), pro·clis′is (-klĭs′ĭs) n.
pro·clit′i·cize′ (-ə-sīz′) v.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a. relating to or denoting a monosyllabic word or form having no stress or accent and pronounced as a prefix of the following word, as in English 't for it in 'twas
b. (in classical Greek) relating to or denoting a word that throws its accent onto the following word
(Linguistics) a proclitic word or form
[C19: from New Latin proclīticus, from Greek proklinein to lean forwards; formed on the model of enclitic]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(proʊˈklɪt ɪk)
1. (of a word) closely connected in pronunciation with the following word and not having an independent accent or phonological status.
2. a proclitic word.
[1840–50; < New Latin proclīticus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first type of phrasal stressing is conditionally called proclitic, the second type enclitic.
Finally, the use of the phonemic variation /[??]i:/ of the English definite article for emphasis constitutes a language-pair-specific problem trigger, since in Arabic the definite article is expressed through the proclitic /'al/, which cannot receive different levels of stress (Hawas, 1989, p.
Even so the figures given for Arden of Faversham, 4-8, for example, range from 5.1 for "grammatical inversions" to 218 for "proclitic phrases." Since only 395 lines were available for testing, there must have been only two grammatical inversions (5.1 / 1,000 x 395).
Alamin, Schneider-Blum and Dimmendaal (2012) give a description of the Ventive marker (and of directionality and location marking in general) in Tima.3 Source, location, and goal are marked periphrastically by way of proclitic prepositional elements.
In the Kuki-Chin branch we can watch the history of the replacement of an agreement word paradigm presumably originally much like those of Northern Naga or Jinghpaw by an innovative subject-indexation paradigm based on proclitic possessive pronominals (a neglected dimension of morphological complexity in TH; see H.
(52.) Note also that 'al would then be distinguished from the proclitic asseverative l- in Ugaritic.
In a parallel fashion, final elision in proclitic pronouns is regarded as another instance of phrasal allomorphy, exhibiting specific preferences of lexical selection: the output l'avevo is disfavored with regard to la avevo, and even less preferred for le avevo, because [plural] is stronger than [singular].
Meyer-Lubke derived -ne from the effects of phrase-level phonetics on the negative non, with none being the stressed and no the proclitic allomorph.
Proclitic + host [??]](an [??]](tairbh)) 'the bull' (gen.
Everything else is a stock phrase, repeated in each subsequent line of the wangga text, in which wak is never prefaced by its appropriate noun classifier, proclitic a=.