proclitic

(redirected from proclitics)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.
Related to proclitics: cliticisation

pro·clit·ic

 (prō-klĭt′ĭk)
n.
A clitic that is attached to the beginning of another word.
adj.
Of or relating to a proclitic or proclisis; forming an accentual unit with the following word.

[New Latin procliticus : pro- + Late Latin (en)cliticus, enclitic; see enclitic.]

pro·clit′i·ci·za′tion (-ə-sĭ-zā′shən), pro·clis′is (-klĭs′ĭs) n.
pro·clit′i·cize′ (-ə-sīz′) v.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

proclitic

(prəʊˈklɪtɪk)
adj
(Linguistics)
a. relating to or denoting a monosyllabic word or form having no stress or accent and pronounced as a prefix of the following word, as in English 't for it in 'twas
b. (in classical Greek) relating to or denoting a word that throws its accent onto the following word
n
(Linguistics) a proclitic word or form
[C19: from New Latin proclīticus, from Greek proklinein to lean forwards; formed on the model of enclitic]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pro•clit•ic

(proʊˈklɪt ɪk)
adj.
1. (of a word) closely connected in pronunciation with the following word and not having an independent accent or phonological status.
n.
2. a proclitic word.
[1840–50; < New Latin proclīticus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The others reflect ancient pronominal roots - na- '2S/A' < #na '2SG', ei '1' < #i '1INC' - which also occur in the other paradigms, but as suffixes rather than proclitics. The origin of na- '1O' is not certain, but it occurs in other subbranches of Kuki-Chin (Section4.3), and thus may be of PKC provenance.
Garrapa deals with a large set of determiners and proclitics, showing that the former present higher elision rates than the latter, in both elicited and spontaneous speech.
For example, nouns are lenited after certain proclitics, as shown in (2), but not after others, as shown in (3).
the fact that i- occurs more often after proclitics terminating in sounds other than those represented by <e>, &lt;i&gt;, or <u>.
It is indeed the case, on the one hand, that a large proportion of dialefe-producing monosyllables in Dante commonly carry an accent in the phrase, and on the other, that the monosyllables that never produce dialefe are proclitics that never carry an accent in normal circumstances.
Kuhn's terms Satzpartikeln ('sentence particles') and Satzteilpartikeln ('proclitics') are accordingly replaced by the descriptive phrases 'detached unstressed elements' and 'attached unstressed elements', respectively.
The self-contradiction lies in his defining Satzpartikeln as unstressed but "syntactically independent constituents" (syntaktisch selbstandige Satzteile), and then subdividing them into proclitics and enclitics--constituents that are by definition dependent, and in ways that, in Old English, are determinable only on a syntactic/semantic basis (despite Momma's adherence to an unfortunate OED-derived, Greek-based definition of clisis as a purely phonological dependency).
Several chapters are devoted to analysing the way proclitics affect the poem's alliterative patterns.
In fact, there are also reasons to argue that the elements in question are proclitics. We might thus be witnessing an ongoing process of grammaticalization here.
are not prefixes at all, rather proclitics. Either way the generalization is that P-domains are stem-initial in Kukuya.
He redefines the distinction between particles and proclitics as one between 'more and less wordlike constituents'.
Table 1 lists the subject proclitics for Realis and Irrealis (Francois 2002:44).