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An instrument consisting of a tube or speculum equipped with a light, used to examine the rectum.

[Greek prōktos, anus + -scope.]

proc′to·scop′ic (-skŏp′ĭk) adj.
proc·tos′co·py (-tŏs′kə-pē) n.


A method of examining the anus and rectum using an endoscope inserted through the anus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.proctoscopy - visual examination of the rectum and the end of the colon by means of a proctoscope
endoscopy - visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
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References in periodicals archive ?
Male and female patients of more than 20 years and above, representing all ethnic groups and areas of Pakistan presenting with bleeding per rectum with or without associated symptoms like mucosal prolapse, discharge, pruritis ani and pain as well having being diagnosed on history and proctoscopy findings like visible bleeding and engorged anal cushions were included in the study.
All patients after physical examination underwent preoperative proctoscopy and complete colonoscopy and biopsy of the tumour, abdominal and pelvis ultrasonography and computed tomography to record the size of tumour and involvement of adjacent structures, and to see the secondaries in liver, chest X-Ray to see the lung metastasis.
The external opening and tract was examined by digital rectal examination while the internal opening is identified by proctoscopy.
Exudative proctitis has frequently been observed, by proctoscopy, in patients with rectal LGV (10,11).
She was hydrated and underwent a rigid proctoscopy with placement of a rectal tube.
During a proctoscopy we found inflamed rectal mucosa with a whitish-yellow discharge, and we decided to treat him as an LGV case.
Each patient was assessed with manual examination, cystoscopy, and proctoscopy.
Proctoscopy showed a fistulous opening in the upper part of the anal canal with a bubbling mixture of methylene blue and hydrogen peroxide.
The foreign body was palpable by rectal examination; however it could not be observed by proctoscopy performed under general anesthesia.
Knowing that the colonoscopy was normal 8 months prior to the patient's rectal bleeding in pregnancy, her physician performed a proctoscopy and diagnosed internal and external hemorrhoids, which were then treated topically.
Facilities include out- and inpatient care, an operating theatre, proctoscopy, dermatoscopy, and teaching and training rooms.