symptom

(redirected from prodromal symptom)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to prodromal symptom: prodromal phase

symp·tom

 (sĭm′təm, sĭmp′-)
n.
1. An indication of a disorder or disease, especially a subjective one such as pain, nausea, or weakness.
2. A characteristic sign or indication of the existence of something else: drought and erratic rainfall as symptoms of climate change.

[Middle English sinthoma, symptom of a disease, from Medieval Latin sinthōma, from Late Latin symptōma, from Greek sumptōma, sumptōmat-, a happening, symptom of a disease, from sumpiptein, sumptō-, to coincide : sun-, syn- + piptein, to fall; see pet- in Indo-European roots.]

symp′tom·less adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

symptom

(ˈsɪmptəm)
n
1. (Medicine) med any sensation or change in bodily function experienced by a patient that is associated with a particular disease. Compare sign9
2. any phenomenon or circumstance accompanying something and regarded as evidence of its existence; indication
[C16: from Late Latin symptōma, from Greek sumptōma chance, from sumpiptein to occur, from syn- + piptein to fall]
ˈsymptomless adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

symp•tom

(ˈsɪmp təm)

n.
1. any phenomenon or circumstance accompanying something and serving as evidence of it.
2. a sign or indication of something.
3. a phenomenon that arises from and accompanies a particular disease or disorder and serves as an indication of it.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin symptōma < Greek sýmptōma occurrence, attribute, symptom =symptō-, s. of sympiptein to fall together, happen (sym- sym- + piptein to fall) + -ma, n. suffix of result]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

symp·tom

(sĭm′təm)
A sign or an indication of a disorder or disease, usually a noticeable change in how a person feels or looks. Sore throat, headache, and higher than normal counts of white blood cells in the blood are symptoms of certain infections.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular diseasesymptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
evidence, grounds - your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief; "the evidence that smoking causes lung cancer is very compelling"
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
crepitation rale - the crackling sound heard on auscultation when patients with respiratory diseases inhale; associated with tuberculosis and pneumonia and congestive heart failure
hypermenorrhea, menorrhagia - abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation; can be a symptom of uterine tumors and can lead to anemia if prolonged
alkalinuria, alkaluria - a condition in which the urine (which is normally slightly acidic) is alkaline
eosinopenia - a decrease in the number of eosinophils in the blood
haemoglobinemia, hemoglobinemia - presence of excessive hemoglobin in the blood plasma
haemoptysis, hemoptysis - coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
albuminuria, proteinuria - the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
aminoaciduria - abnormal presence of amino acids in the urine; usually a symptom of metabolic defects
ammoniuria - excessive ammonia in the urine
Jacquemier's sign - a purplish discoloration of the mucous membrane of the vagina that occurs early in pregnancy
Kayser-Fleischer ring - a pigmented ring at the outer edge of the cornea of the eye; a symptom of Wilson's disease
keratomalacia - softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency; symptom of cystic fibrosis or sprue
Kernig's sign - symptom of meningitis; patient cannot extend the leg at the knee when the thigh is flexed because of stiffness in the hamstrings
acetonemia, ketonemia, ketosis - an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
Koplik's spots - small red spots with white centers found on the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue; symptom of measles that appears one or two days before the measles rash appears
glycosuria - the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
lymphuria - the presence of lymph in the urine
monocytosis - increase in the number of monocytes in the blood; symptom of monocytic leukemia
thrombocytosis - increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases
ochronosis - an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning
hypercalcaemia, hypercalcemia - the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
hypocalcaemia, hypocalcemia - abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
hypercalcinuria, hypercalciuria - the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the urine; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or osteoporosis
hypercholesteremia, hypercholesterolemia - the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood; associated with the risk of atherosclerosis
hyperkalemia - higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs
hypokalemia - abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics
kaliuresis, kaluresis - the presence of excess potassium in the urine
natriuresis - the presence of abnormally large amounts of sodium in the urine
hypoproteinemia - abnormally low level of protein in the blood; can indicate inadequate diet or intestinal or renal disorders
hypernatremia - excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
hyponatremia - abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration
hypersplenism - enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders
acetonuria, ketoaciduria, ketonuria - excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
amenia, amenorrhea, amenorrhoea - absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
2.symptom - anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence
indicant, indication - something that serves to indicate or suggest; "an indication of foul play"; "indications of strain"; "symptoms are the prime indicants of disease"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

symptom

noun
1. sign, mark, indication, warning patients with flu symptoms
2. manifestation, sign, indication, mark, warning, evidence, expression, proof, token, portent, augury Your problem with sleep is just a symptom of a larger problem.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

symptom

noun
Something visible or evident that gives grounds for believing in the existence or presence of something else:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
příznaksymptom
symptom
sümptom
oire
simptom
tünet
gejala
sjúkdómseinkenni
症状
증상
simptomassimptomiškas
pazīmesimptoms
symptóm
simptom
symptomsymtom
อาการของโรค
belirtisemptom
triệu chứng

symptom

[ˈsɪmptəm] n
[illness] → symptôme m
(fig) [problem, bad situation] → symptôme m
the symptoms of social breakdown → les symptômes de la fracture sociale
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

symptom

n (lit, fig)Symptom nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

symptom

[ˈsɪmptəm] nsintomo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

symptom

(ˈsimptəm) noun
something that a person suffers from that indicates a particular disease. abdominal pain is a symptom of appendicitis.
ˌsymptoˈmatic (-ˈmӕtik) adjective
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

symptom

عَلَامَة příznak symptom Symptom σύμπτωμα síntoma oire symptôme simptom sintomo 症状 증상 symptoom symptop objaw sintoma симптом symtom อาการของโรค belirti triệu chứng 症状
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

symp·tom

n. síntoma, manifestación o indicio de una enfermedad según se percibe por el paciente;
constitutional ______ constitucional;
delayed ______ demorado;
objective ______ objetivo;
pathognomic ______ patognómico;
presenting ______ presente;
prodromal ______ prodrómico;
withdrawal ______ de supresión.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

symptom

n síntoma m
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most common prodromal symptom was headache 38 (54%) followed by blurring of vision 16 (23%).
But late-life depression may be prodromal symptom of dementia and biologically linked to increased stress hormones, decreased hippocampal volume.
"With increasing focus on identifying modifiable risk factors for dementia, more high-quality prospective studies are required to clarify whether clinical anxiety is a risk factor for dementia, separate from a prodromal symptom."
The intensity and characteristics of the headache, which can be seen as a prodromal symptom, vary The period between the onset of headaches and the appearance of vesicular desquamation can be as long as 15 days (2,5).
Taking close attention to the symptoms we asked the patients if the paresis/paralysis was the first symptom that occurred or if they noted any prodromal symptom. In more than forty percent of the patients the paresis was not the first symptom, but it was retroauricular pain in 17.5% of the patients, dysgeusia in 7.8%, dry eye in 7.1%, and hyperlacrimation in 4.8% (Figure 2).
Paired t-test results Questions T value DF P value Significance All -8.44 40 .000 ** MI Symptom Related -8.438 40 .000 ** (CURB) Prodromal Symptom Related -7.200 40 .000 ** (FACTSS) Factor 1 Causes -2.759 40 .009 ** Factor 2 Risks -5.791 40 .000 ** Factor 3 Symptoms & Response -3.353 40 .002 ** * p < .05; ** p < .01; DF = Degrees of Freedom Table 4.
These correlations were greater at Time 2, but the significant relationship between depression and sleep loss was already established at the start of our study (Time 1), thus we cannot state that sleep loss is a prodromal symptom of depression from our results.
But late-life depression may be a prodromal symptom of dementia and biologically linked to increased stress hormones, decreased neuronal growth factors, and decreased hippocampal volume.
Ophthalmic zoster was seen only in 3% cases.In another study conducted by Dubeyet al.21 the most common prodromal symptom seen was paresthesia in 25 (23.36%) cases followed by itching in 21 (19.62%) cases.Most common presenting complaint was pain in 97 (90.65%) cases.
"There has been an ongoing debate in the field as to whether the association between depression and dementia reflects an etiologic relationship or whether depression is a prodromal symptom of dementia.
In a Novartis-funded study, a total of 229 patients aged 18-82 years with at least 4 outbreaks of genital herpes in the preceding 12 months and laboratory-confirmed HSV-2 infection were instructed to take either 1,000 mg of famciclovir twice in one day or placebo, beginning within 6 hours of prodromal symptom onset or the appearance of lesions.
In our opinion, a strict clinical surveillance would be more valuable: contacts of HPS patients need to be monitored and advised to immediately look for medical evaluation as soon as fever or any other prodromal symptom develops.