prolactin


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Related to prolactin: oxytocin, progesterone, TSH

pro·lac·tin

 (prō-lăk′tĭn)
n.
A pituitary hormone that stimulates and maintains the secretion of milk in mammals and also plays a role in metabolism and in modulation of the immune response.

prolactin

(prəʊˈlæktɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a gonadotrophic hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. In mammals it stimulates the secretion of progesterone by the corpus luteum and initiates and maintains lactation. Also called: luteotrophin or luteotrophic hormone See also follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone

pro•lac•tin

(proʊˈlæk tɪn)

n.
a pituitary hormone that in mammals stimulates milk production at parturition and in birds activates the crop for feeding the young. Also called luteotropin.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prolactin - gonadotropic hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; in females it stimulates growth of the mammary glands and lactation after parturition
gonadotrophic hormone, gonadotrophin, gonadotropic hormone, gonadotropin - hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
lactogen - any agent that enhances milk production
Translations

prolactin

n prolactina
References in periodicals archive ?
KEYWORDS: Pregnancy complications, Prolactin, Umbilical cord.
The primary action of prolactin is to promote lactation but it is the effect on the reproductive system that brings patients to clinical attention (2).
Fasting venous blood samples for serum prolactin were collected between 0800 hrs and 1000 hrs at baseline (first visit).
women, a normally high circulating prolactin concentration is associated with a reduced risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Oct.
Most antipsychotics have been linked to increased prolactin levels, and the risk appears to be dose-related.
Generally the most important hormones measured are LH, FSH, Prolactin and a variety of steroid hormones such as Estrogens, Progesterones and Androgens.
For the first time in 1988, increase in serum prolactin was reported in woman with subclinical hypothyroidism.
The unexplained cohort included women for whom all causes of infertility were excluded "in the setting of a very thorough workup --and that would include any ovulatory issues, male factor issues, and by definition, these women had to have a normal FSH, TSH and prolactin," said Dr.
Reportedly, monoaminooxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors increase prolactin levels (1).
Another important safety concern reported in patients treated with antipsychotics is elevated serum prolactin levels (hyperprolactinemia).
Prolactin is a peptide containing 198 amino acids; it shares genetic, structural, and binding properties with growth hormone and human placental lactogen [1].