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n. pl. pro·lep·ses (-sēz)
1. The anachronistic representation of something as existing before its proper or historical time, as in the precolonial United States.
a. The assignment of something, such as an event or name, to a time that precedes it, as in If you tell the cops, you're a dead man.
b. The use of a descriptive word in anticipation of the act or circumstances that would make it applicable, as dry in They drained the lake dry.
3. The anticipation and answering of an objection or argument before one's opponent has put it forward.

[Late Latin prolēpsis, from Greek, from prolambanein, to anticipate : pro-, before; see pro-2 + lambanein, lēp-, to take.]

pro·lep′tic (-lĕp′tĭk), pro·lep′ti·cal (-tĭ-kəl) adj.


n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Rhetoric) a rhetorical device by which objections are anticipated and answered in advance
2. (Grammar) use of a word after a verb in anticipation of its becoming applicable through the action of the verb, as flat in hammer it flat
[C16: via Late Latin from Greek: anticipation, from prolambanein to anticipate, from pro-2 + lambanein to take]
proˈleptic, proˈleptical adj


(proʊˈlɛp sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-sēz).
1. Rhet. the anticipation of possible objections in order to answer them in advance.
2. the representation of something in the future as if it already existed or had occurred.
3. the use of a descriptive word in anticipation of its becoming applicable.
[1570–80; < Late Latin prolēpsis < Greek prólēpsis anticipation, preconception, derivative of prolēp-, variant s. of prolambánein to anticipate]
pro•lep′tic (-tɪk) pro•lep′ti•cal, adj.
pro•lep′ti•cal•ly, adv.


- Anticipation before something starts is prolepsis.
See also related terms for starts.


anticipating an opponent’s argument and answering it before it can be made. See also future. — proleptic, adj.
See also: Argumentation
anticipation, as in anticipating or describing a future event. See also argumentation. — proleptic, adj.
See also: Future


The anticipation and answering of possible objections before they can be raised.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prolepsis - anticipating and answering objections in advance
rhetorical device - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)
References in periodicals archive ?
Entre los principales trabajos de Auersperg deben contarse aquellos relacionados con la percepcion (Wahrnehmung, en aleman), a partir de los cuales desarrollo el concepto de "Prolepsis".
Can the history of the discipline or the sociology of sociology actually be taught without falling into the trap of reprojection, circular argument, or prolepsis? Whichever way one looks at the current state of teaching theory, it relies on entirely fictitious historical accounts that very often do not even make for a good epic tale.
PROLEPSIS A Anticipation B Introduction of a thesis C Falling out of place who am I?
"Queer Prolepsis and the Sexual Commons: An Introduction." Research in African Literatures 47.2: vii-xxiii.
For instance, ellipsis and prolepsis have strong affinities for curiosity, and strictly chronological narration for suspense, but the relations are not absolutely binding.
I scrolled through my phone as I walked, checking for messages from my wife about when she was coming home from work, or seeing what people were saying on the internet--friends from our old life who lived in what now felt like the minor prolepsis of Eastern Standard time, as well as the aforementioned new friends, most of whom were people our old friends had introduced us to when we moved.
Se situa en el campo de la apologetica, y en el aporta la novedad del punto de partida: la existencia de Dios se prueba a partir de los communes sensus (los prolepsis de cuno estoico): unos conceptos espontaneos y naturales del alma, independientes de la experiencia.
Voyeurismo incomodo y sin recompensa, pues saber mas que los protagonistas de Happy End provoca angustia y ganas de escapar; las prolepsis, los avances fragmentados a futuro, no hacen mas que inquietar y agravar el malestar.
Pakistanis can be victims as well Donald Trump being given the seat of the president of the United States generated a wave of prolepsis all over the world regarding his long-lasting impact on the face of the globe.
If, as Gilmore observes, "Shaming, victim blaming, discrediting, and denunciation attach to women's testimony so predictably, and are so regularly associated with it, that these negative affects function as prolepsis: they are a threat that prevents women from testifying," then how much more powerfully might this operate for men, given social expectations around masculinity and invulnerability?
Asi mismo, las prolepsis o anticipaciones de los sucesos de la trama contribuyen a mantener el suspense del lector durante todo el relato, como se expone en la cita que Eva encontro de su padre (La Oculta, 51) (expuesta en la introduccion de este trabajo).
Y quiza por ello lo siguiente con lo que el lector se topa es con una enorme prolepsis, hasta octubre de 1967 cuando Martin Luis Guzman esta cumpliendo ochenta anos, un ano antes de la terrible masacre de Tlatelolco, que de alguna manera defendera.