pronation


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pro·nate

 (prō′nāt′)
v. pro·nat·ed, pro·nat·ing, pro·nates
v.tr.
1.
a. To turn or rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the palm faces down or back.
b. To turn or rotate (the foot) by abduction and eversion so that the inner edge of the sole bears the body's weight.
2. To place in a prone position.
v.intr.
1. To become pronated.
2. To assume a prone position.

[Late Latin prōnāre, prōnāt-, to bend forward, from prōnus, turned forward; see prone.]

pro·na′tion n.

pro•na•tion

(proʊˈneɪ ʃən)

n.
1. rotation of the hand or forearm so as to bring the palm downward or rearward.
2. an everting motion of the foot so as to turn the sole outward.
3. the position assumed as the result of this rotation.
[1660–70; (< French) < Medieval Latin or New Latin prōnātiō = Late Latin prōnā(re) to throw on one's face, derivative of Latin prōnus bending down, prone + Latin -tiō -tion]
pro′nate, v.t., v.i. -nat•ed, -nat•ing.

pronation

1. Turning the palm downward.
2. The turning to a face-down or palm-down position.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pronation - rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downwardpronation - rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
rotary motion, rotation - the act of rotating as if on an axis; "the rotation of the dancer kept time with the music"
supination - rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward
Translations

pronation

n pronación f
References in periodicals archive ?
For activities of daily living, an elbow range of motion of 30[degrees]-130[degrees] flexion/extension and 50[degrees] pronation to 50[degrees] supination is necessary (21).
It offers moderate pronation control so that you can have extra stability.
Dissections were performed with a 2.5x loupe and the limbs were positioned with elbow extension, neutral wrist position and forearm in pronation. No specimen presented evidence of deformities, neither scars from previous trauma or procedures.
Treatment plans should include active interventions (hip and quadriceps strengthening exercises; neuromuscular retraining; and ankle and foot exercise, calf and hamstrings stretching, and hip movement retraining, if deficits exist) and passive interventions (patellar taping for pain relief and foot orthoses if excessive dynamic foot pronation is present), as well as patient education (contributing factors, activity modification, and rehabilitation adherence).
The outer edge of the sole ages a lot quicker than the rest of the shoe: "This would suggest that the wearer "supinates", which is quite common in adults, but not as detrimental to health as pronation (walking inwards).
Pronation of the feet can be the reason for deformity which is called 'flat feet'.
A common variation is to position the forearm in pronation for the tripod and tip pinch....
The postoperative low VAS pain score (1.6+-0.93) and high ROM values (76.7Adeg for extension, 78.5Adeg for supination, 80.1Adeg for flexion, and 82.3Adeg for pronation) indicated a very good clinical outcome.
The joint also allows supination or palms up and pronation or palms down.
The subject was asked to perform an isometric contraction for five movements: hand open, power grasp, fine pinch, pronation, and supination.
The respective ROM for the right and left extremities (measured with a standard goniometer) was as follows: elbow flexion, 110[degrees] and 140[degrees]; elbow extension, -75[degrees] and 0[degrees]; forearm pronation, 85[degrees] and 85[degrees]; and forearm supination, 65[degrees] and 90[degrees].
For the elbow specifically, it is unclear which of the available goniometric measurement methods is the most reliable to measure flexion, extension, pronation, and supination.