(60) Certain conditions can cause the dormant prophage
DNA to reactivate and initiate a lytic cycle.
coli have a tendency to activate a lysogenic SOS response in the Shiga prophage
and cause upregulation of the expression of Stx (29).
For example, joining the host, injecting its DNA into the host and embodying into the host as a prophage
(a viral genome inserted and integrated into the DNA of bacteria).
They are 99.9% similar at the genome sequence level, excluding one 70 kb prophage
carried by BR21 (Tables S1 and S2).
Furthermore, one of the hypothetical proteins (hp9) was similar to a Lactobacillus plantarum prophage
remnant LP4 protein .
sequences identified by PHAST constitute 5.8% of the bacterial chromosome, including seven intact, two incomplete, and one questionable prophage
(Table S2 and Figure S1).
Various physical and chemical stress factors cause prophage
induction in Nitrosospira multiformis 25196-an ammonia oxidizing bacteria.
It contains only one prophage
and one genomic island characterised by a mosaic structure composed of species-specific genes.
Latent forms of the viral genome are named "prophage
Borneman et al., (5) the variation in the genomes of 14 strains examined for stress response can be explained by such factors as a prophage
(a bacterial virus incorporated into its DNA), regions involved with the utilization and transport of sugars and regions responsible for the biosynthesis of amino acids and cell wall components.
Actually the virulence factor of pADAP that stops feeding in amber disease is the antifeeding prophage
(Afp) (Hurst et al., 2007).
Bacterial cells lyse when a temperate bacteriophage infects a bacterial cell, whereas in lysogenization, bacteriophage DNA is integrated into the bacterial genome, resulting in a prophage
region in the bacterial genome.