prostrate


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pros·trate

 (prŏs′trāt′)
tr.v. pros·trat·ed, pros·trat·ing, pros·trates
1. To put or throw flat with the face down, as in submission or adoration: "He did not simply sit and meditate, he also knelt down, sometimes even prostrated himself" (Iris Murdoch).
2. To cause to lie flat: The wind prostrated the young trees.
3. To reduce to extreme weakness or incapacitation; overcome: an illness that prostrated an entire family; a nation that was prostrated by years of civil war.
adj.
1. Lying face down, as in submission or adoration.
2. Lying flat or at full length.
3. Reduced to extreme weakness or incapacitation; overcome.
4. Botany Growing flat along the ground.

[Middle English prostraten, from prostrat, prostrate, from Latin prōstrātus, past participle of prōsternere, to throw down : prō-, forward; see pro-1 + sternere, to spread, cast down; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

pros′tra′tor n.

prostrate

adj
1. lying with the face downwards, as in submission
2. exhausted physically or emotionally
3. helpless or defenceless
4. (Botany) (of a plant) growing closely along the ground
vb (tr)
5. to bow or cast (oneself) down, as in submission
6. to lay or throw down flat, as on the ground
7. to make helpless or defenceless
8. to make exhausted
[C14: from Latin prōsternere to throw to the ground, from prō- before + sternere to lay low]
prosˈtration n

pros•trate

(ˈprɒs treɪt)

v. -trat•ed, -trat•ing,
adj. v.t.
1. to cast (oneself) facedown on the ground in humility, submission, or adoration.
2. to lay flat, as on the ground.
3. to throw down level with the ground.
4. to overthrow, overcome, or reduce to helplessness.
5. to reduce to physical weakness or exhaustion.
adj.
6. lying flat or at full length, as on the ground.
7. lying facedown on the ground, as in humility.
8. overthrown, overcome, or helpless: a country left prostrate by natural disasters.
9. physically weak or exhausted.
10. submissive.
11. utterly dejected; disconsolate.
12. (of a plant or stem) lying flat on the ground.
[1350–1400; Middle English prostrat < Latin prōstrātus, past participle of prōsternere to knock flat, exhaust =prō- pro-1 + sternere to spread, lay, strew]
pros•tra′tion, n.
prone, prostrate, supine - Prone is lying on your face—facing downwards—which is also true for prostrate, but only in expressing adoration or begging for protection; supine is lying on your back.
See also related terms for prone.

prostrate


Past participle: prostrated
Gerund: prostrating

Imperative
prostrate
prostrate
Present
I prostrate
you prostrate
he/she/it prostrates
we prostrate
you prostrate
they prostrate
Preterite
I prostrated
you prostrated
he/she/it prostrated
we prostrated
you prostrated
they prostrated
Present Continuous
I am prostrating
you are prostrating
he/she/it is prostrating
we are prostrating
you are prostrating
they are prostrating
Present Perfect
I have prostrated
you have prostrated
he/she/it has prostrated
we have prostrated
you have prostrated
they have prostrated
Past Continuous
I was prostrating
you were prostrating
he/she/it was prostrating
we were prostrating
you were prostrating
they were prostrating
Past Perfect
I had prostrated
you had prostrated
he/she/it had prostrated
we had prostrated
you had prostrated
they had prostrated
Future
I will prostrate
you will prostrate
he/she/it will prostrate
we will prostrate
you will prostrate
they will prostrate
Future Perfect
I will have prostrated
you will have prostrated
he/she/it will have prostrated
we will have prostrated
you will have prostrated
they will have prostrated
Future Continuous
I will be prostrating
you will be prostrating
he/she/it will be prostrating
we will be prostrating
you will be prostrating
they will be prostrating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been prostrating
you have been prostrating
he/she/it has been prostrating
we have been prostrating
you have been prostrating
they have been prostrating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been prostrating
you will have been prostrating
he/she/it will have been prostrating
we will have been prostrating
you will have been prostrating
they will have been prostrating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been prostrating
you had been prostrating
he/she/it had been prostrating
we had been prostrating
you had been prostrating
they had been prostrating
Conditional
I would prostrate
you would prostrate
he/she/it would prostrate
we would prostrate
you would prostrate
they would prostrate
Past Conditional
I would have prostrated
you would have prostrated
he/she/it would have prostrated
we would have prostrated
you would have prostrated
they would have prostrated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.prostrate - get into a prostrate position, as in submission
lie down, lie - assume a reclining position; "lie down on the bed until you feel better"
2.prostrate - render helpless or defenseless; "They prostrated the enemy"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
3.prostrate - throw down flat, as on the ground; "She prostrated herself with frustration"
throw - propel through the air; "throw a frisbee"
Adj.1.prostrate - stretched out and lying at full length along the ground; "found himself lying flat on the floor"
unerect - not upright in position or posture
2.prostrate - lying face downward
unerect - not upright in position or posture

prostrate

adjective
1. prone, fallen, flat, horizontal, abject, bowed low, kowtowing, procumbent Percy was lying prostrate with his arms outstretched.
2. exhausted, overcome, depressed, drained, spent, worn out, desolate, dejected, inconsolable, at a low ebb, fagged out (informal) After my mother's death, I was prostrate with grief.
3. helpless, overwhelmed, disarmed, paralysed, powerless, reduced, impotent, defenceless, brought to your knees Gaston was prostrate on his sickbed.
verb
1. exhaust, tire, drain, fatigue, weary, sap, wear out, fag out (informal) patients who have been prostrated by fatigue
prostrate yourself bow down to, submit to, kneel to, cringe before, grovel before, fall at someone's feet, bow before, kowtow to, bend the knee to, abase yourself before, cast yourself before, fall on your knees before They prostrated themselves before the king in awe and fear.

prostrate

verb
1. To cause to fall, as from a shot or blow:
Slang: deck.
Idiom: lay low.
2. To affect deeply or completely, as with emotion:
adjective
Translations
مُنْبَطِح على وَجْهِهمُنْهَك القُوىيَطْرَحُ على الأرْضيُنْهِكُ
ležící tváří dolůpadnout na tvářskleslývyčerpatzdrcený
helt udmattetkaste sig i støvetnæsegrus
földre borul
kasta sér flötumörmagnaörmagnastsem liggur flatur
leisgyvispaslikaspulti kniūpsčiam
bez spēkamesties pie kājāmnovārdzinātsatriektsatriekts
ležiaci tvárou dolupadnúť na tvárzlomený
bitkin düşmüşbitkin hâle getirmekyerlere kapanmakyüzükoyun yatmış

prostrate

A. [ˈprɒstreɪt] ADJ
1. (lit) → boca abajo, postrado (Bot) → procumbente
2. (fig) [nation, country etc] → abatido; (= exhausted) → postrado, abatido (with por)
B. [prɒsˈtreɪt] VT (lit) → postrar (fig) → postrar, abatir
to be prostrated by griefestar postrado por el dolor
to prostrate o.s (lit, fig) → postrarse

prostrate

[ˈprɒstreɪt]
adj
(= lying flat) → prostré(e)
(= distressed) → prostré(e)
to be prostrate with grief → être prostré de douleur
[prɒˈstreɪt] vt
to prostrate o.s. [worshipper] → se prosterner
to prostrate o.s. before sb → se prosterner devant qn

prostrate

adjausgestreckt; he was found prostrate on the floorman fand ihn ausgestreckt am Boden liegend; the servants lay prostrate at their master’s feetdie Diener lagen demütig or unterwürfig zu Füßen ihres Herrn; prostrate with griefvor Gram gebrochen; she was prostrate with exhaustionsie brach fast zusammen vor Erschöpfung
vt usu pass (lit)zu Boden werfen; (fig) (with fatigue) → erschöpfen, mitnehmen; (with shock) → zusammenbrechen lassen, niederschmettern; to be prostrated by an illnesseiner Krankheit (dat)zum Opfer gefallen sein; to be prostrated with griefvor Gram gebrochen sein
vrsich niederwerfen (→ before vor +dat)

prostrate

[adj ˈprɒstreɪt; vb prɒˈstreɪt]
1. adjbocconi inv; (in respect, submission) → prosternato/a, prostrato/a; (exhausted) prostrate (with)prostrato/a (da)
2. vt to prostrate o.s. (before sb) → prostrarsi, prosternarsi; (on the floor) → stendersi bocconi (fig) → abbattersi

prostrate

(ˈprostreit) adjective
1. lying flat, especially face downwards.
2. completely exhausted or overwhelmed. prostrate with grief.
(prəˈstreit) verb
1. to throw (oneself) flat on the floor, especially in respect or reverence. They prostrated themselves before the emperor.
2. to exhaust or overwhelm. prostrated by the long journey.
proˈstration noun

prostrate

a. postrado-a.
en posición prona o supina;
débil, abatido-a;
vr. postrarse; abatirse, debilitarse;
v. postrar; abatir.
References in classic literature ?
On rushing in a body to the cellar, we discovered our beloved President prostrate upon the floor, having tripped and fallen while getting wood for domestic purposes.
Bounding from his footsteps he appeared for an instant darting through the air and descending in a ball he fell on the chest of his enemy, driving him many yards from the spot, headlong and prostrate.
Never before had she had such a sense of the intolerable length of time that creeps between dawn and sunset, and of the miserable irksomeness of having aught to do, and of the better wisdom that it would be to lie down at once, in sullen resignation, and let life, and its toils and vexations, trample over one's prostrate body as they may
As strange misgrown masses gather in the knot-holes of the noblest oaks when prostrate, so from the points which the whale's eyes had once occupied, now protruded blind bulbs, horribly pitiable to see.
Tom stretched himself out on a box, and there, as he lay, he heard, ever and anon, a smothered sob or cry from the prostrate creature,--"O
He would be climbing over the prostrate stems of primitive forest trees.
is prostrate before the Pope, there are three men in the foreground who are over thirty feet high, if one may judge by the size of a kneeling little boy in the center of the foreground; and according to the same scale, the Pope is seven feet high and the Doge is a shriveled dwarf of four feet.
To illustrate the effect of slavery on the white man,--to show that he has no powers of endurance, in such a condition, superior to those of his black brother,--DANIEL O'CONNELL, the distinguished advocate of universal emancipation, and the mighti- est champion of prostrate but not conquered Ireland, relates the following anecdote in a speech delivered by him in the Conciliation Hall, Dublin, before the Loyal National Repeal Association, March 31, 1845.
The spell by which I had been so far supported began to dissolve; reaction took place, and soon, so overwhelming was the grief that seized me, I sank prostrate with my face to the ground.
Linton had sunk prostrate again in another paroxysm of helpless fear, caused by his father's glance towards him, I suppose: there was nothing else to produce such humiliation.
Wragge had felt before him -- the fear that her mind would be struck prostrate again, as it had been struck once already, when Frank's letter reached her in Vauxhall Walk.
Yellow, meagre, ragged, scowling, wolfish; but prostrate, too, in their humility.