protein synthesis


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pro′tein syn`thesis


n.
the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into proteins through the involvement of ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, messenger RNA, and various enzymes.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is known that myostatin can interfere with protein synthesis as well as protein breakdown in proliferating and adult myofibers (3,4).
Rafat Siddiqui said that one of the serious concerns during ageing is loss of muscle mass and strength as ageing is associated with a decrease in the protein synthesis rate and enhanced protein degradation.
Local protein synthesis in dendrites is one such mechanism that plays a significant role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
In this study, we measured the metabolic cost of protein synthesis and determined whether this cost was influenced by genotype, phenotype, or environment.
Ralf Jger, president of Increnovo LLC, certified sports nutritionist and a Fellow of the International Society of Sports Nutrition stated that improved protein utilisation might benefit people supplementing their diets with protein such as athletes trying to increase pre-workout effect on muscle protein synthesis, or people trying to balance the loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength associated with ageing.
The primary findings were that "Sustamine altered, immediately post exercise the phosphorylation state of signaling proteins in a manner that theoretically should reduce muscle protein breakdown, while whey protein accelerated the phosphorylation of proteins in the mTOR-dependent signaling pathway thereby theoretically activating muscle protein synthesis.
They also examined whether the timing of protein intake made a difference in protein synthesis -- the process by which cells make protein -- and net protein gains.
There was a robust improvement in protein synthesis in both young and elderly adults, suggesting that aging doesn't inevitably impair our ability to turn dietary protein into muscle.
DALLAS, Texas, March 9, 2014 -- For the first time, researchers have shown that an essential biological process known as protein synthesis can be studied in adult stem cells, something scientists have long struggled to accomplish.
Study's senior author, Eric Klann, a professor in New York University's Center for Neural Science, and his colleagues hypothesized that abnormally high levels of eIF2alpha phosphorylation could become detrimental because, ultimately, protein synthesis would diminish, thereby undermining the ability to form long-term memories.
Autistic-like behaviors can be remedied partially by normalizing excessive levels of protein synthesis in the brain, a team of researchers has found in a study published in Nature.
Scientists at McGill University and the University of Montreal, Canada, have discovered a crucial link between protein synthesis and ASD that could lead to new therapies.