proteoglycan


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pro·te·o·gly·can

 (prō′ē-ō-glī′kən)
n.
Any of various glycoproteins that have glycosaminoglycan chains attached by covalent bonds to the protein, usually found in the extracellular matrix of connective tissue.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

proteoglycan

(ˌprəʊtɪəʊˈɡlaɪkæn)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem any of various compounds consisting of a protein bonded to a mucopolysaccharide chain
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
Both vaccines were evaluated alone and in combination in the model of proteoglycan [PG] induced arthritis called recombinant PG G1 domain-induced arthritis, an autoimmune mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis.
Fortier et al, found that chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exposed to PRP showed increase in cell count along with proteoglycan and collagen type-II synthesis8.
The activity of these new branches is stifled by inhibitory molecules called proteoglycans.
A hyaluronan binding link protein gene family whose members are physically linked adjacent to chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan core protein genes: the missing links.
The basement membrane proteoglycans, namely a large agrin-LP (CGI_10007223) and heparan sulfate proteoglycan (perlecan-LP, CGI_10025660), are expressed differently from other genes in oyster development.
Wu et al .[13] found proteoglycan aggregates concentration to decrease as age increased.
It was reported that LPP promoted synthesis of collagen II and proteoglycan in nucleus pulposus cells from intervertebral discs [16, 29] and human chondrocytes [30].
In particular, it is known that in diabetic patients, there is an increased renal production of TGF-[beta] that is a potent modulator of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteoglycan synthesis and represents a potential link between hyperglycaemia and the accelerated development of atherosclerosis in diabetes [54].
Activated AP-1 regulates type II collagen, proteoglycan, Cytokeratin 8 protein, MAP-1, MAP-2, and MAP-4 by activating collagenase and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), thereby regulating cytoskeletal reorganization and remodeling [13].
FMOD, a secreted protein, is a member of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) family.
Nonetheless, glia are an important source of HA and are important for the expression of PNN components including brevican and hyaluronan, as well as proteoglycan link protein 1 (HAPLN1) [28].
Then, rabbit anti-rat primary antibodies against chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, key raw tenascin C, and type IV collagen (Beijing Boosen Biological Technology Co., Ltd., China; 1:200) were added overnight at 4[degrees]C.