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 (prə-tĕst′, prō-, prō′tĕst′)
v. pro·test·ed, pro·test·ing, pro·tests
a. To express a strong objection to (something): protest a job assignment.
b. To participate in a public demonstration in opposition to (something): Thousands protested the election fraud. See Synonyms at object.
2. To promise or affirm earnestly, as after being doubted: "He continually protested his profound respect" (Frank Norris).
3. Law To declare an objection and reservation of rights of (a claim being made) while taking an action that would otherwise imply consent or agreement.
4. Archaic To proclaim or make known: "unrough youths that even now / Protest their first of manhood" (Shakespeare).
a. To express a strong objection.
b. To participate in a public demonstration in opposition to something.
2. To make an earnest avowal or affirmation.
n. (prō′tĕst′)
1. A formal declaration of disapproval or objection issued by a concerned person, group, or organization.
2. A public demonstration or organized effort to show disapproval about something, especially a governmental policy or practice.
3. Law A declaration of objection and reservation of rights, made when action would otherwise imply consent or agreement: payment under protest.

[Middle English protesten, from Old French protester, from Latin prōtestārī : prō-, forth; see pro-1 + testārī, to testify (from testis, witness; see trei- in Indo-European roots).]

pro′test′er n.
pro·test′ing·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a. public, often organized, dissent or manifestation of such dissent
b. (as modifier): a protest march.
2. a declaration or objection that is formal or solemn
3. an expression of disagreement or complaint: without a squeak of protest.
4. (Banking & Finance)
a. a formal notarial statement drawn up on behalf of a creditor and declaring that the debtor has dishonoured a bill of exchange or promissory note
b. the action of drawing up such a statement
c. a formal declaration by a taxpayer disputing the legality or accuracy of his assessment
5. (Nautical Terms) a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled
6. the act of protesting
7. under protest having voiced objections; unwillingly
8. (when: intr, foll by against, at, about, etc; when tr, may take a clause as object) to make a strong objection (to something, esp a supposed injustice or offence)
9. (when tr, may take a clause as object) to assert or affirm in a formal or solemn manner
10. (when tr, may take a clause as object) to put up arguments against; disagree; complain; object: "I'm okay," she protested; he protested that it was not his turn to wash up.
11. (tr) chiefly US to object forcefully to: leaflets protesting Dr King's murder.
12. (Banking & Finance) (tr) to declare formally that (a bill of exchange or promissory note) has been dishonoured
[C14: from Latin prōtestārī to make a formal declaration, from prō- before + testārī to assert]
proˈtestant adj, n
proˈtester, proˈtestor n
proˈtestingly adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(n. ˈproʊ tɛst; v. prəˈtɛst, ˈproʊ tɛst)

n. Also
1. an expression or declaration of objection, disapproval, or dissent, often in opposition to something a person is powerless to prevent or avoid.
2. Law. a formal statement of protest, disputing the legality of a tax or other exaction.
3. to give manifest expression to objection or disapproval; remonstrate.
4. to make solemn or earnest declaration.
5. to make a protest or remonstrance against; object to.
6. to say in protest or remonstrance.
7. to declare solemnly or earnestly.
[1350–1400; (n.) Middle English < Middle French (French protêt), derivative of protester to protest < Latin prōtestārī to declare publicly]
pro•test′er, pro•tes′tor, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.



(See also REBELLION.)

anvil chorus Clamorous, vociferous protest on the part of many; clangorous complaining; squawking. The anvil is an imitative percussive instrument consisting of steel bars and a striker, used largely in opera, and then on the stage rather than in the orchestra. The musical composition often referred to as “The Anvil Chorus” is from Verdi’s Il Trovatore.

hue and cry Public, popular protest or outcry; noise, hullabaloo, clamor, uproar. The original, legal sense of this expression was a shout or cry calling for the pursuit of a felon, raised by the injured party or by an officer of the law. The phrase came from the Anglo-Norman hu e cri. Hue, now obsolete in this sense except in this expression, means Outcry, shouting, clamor, especially that raised by a multitude in war or chase;’ it is the noun form of the French verb huer ‘to hoot, cry, or shout,’ apparently of onomatopoeic origin. It has been suggested that hue originally referred to an inarticulate sound, such as that of a horn or trumpet as well as that of the voice, and was therefore distinct from cry. The legal sense of this expression dates from the late 13th century, while the general sense dates from the late 16th century.

The public took up the hue and cry conscientiously enough. (John Ruskin, Modern Painters, 1846)


a voice in the wilderness A lone dissenter, a solitary protestor; one whose warnings are unheeded, whose exhortations are ignored, or whose attempts to rally others around a cause are unfruitful; a minority of one, or similar small minority; frequently a voice crying in the wilderness. The phrase owes its origin to the words of the prophet Isaiah:

The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. (40:3)

According to Matthew 3:3, Isaiah was referring to John the Baptist heralding the coming of Jesus Christ.

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Protest can be a verb or a noun, but with different pronunciations.

1. used as a verb

Protest /prə'test/ is used as a verb to say that someone shows publicly that they do not approve of something. You can say that someone protests about something or protests against something.

Women's groups protested about the way women were portrayed in commercials.
Students marched in the streets to protest against the arrests.

In American English, you can use protest as a transitive verb. You say that someone protests something.

Environmental campaigners protested the decision.

Protest can also be a reporting verb. If you protest that something is true, you insist that it is true, when someone has said or suggested the opposite.

They protested that they had nothing to do with the incident.
'You're wrong,' I protested.
2. used as a noun

The noun is pronounced /'prəʊtest/. Protest or a protest is behaviour in which someone shows publicly that they do not approve of something.

They joined in the protests against the government's proposals.
We wrote a letter of protest to the newspaper.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: protested
Gerund: protesting

I protest
you protest
he/she/it protests
we protest
you protest
they protest
I protested
you protested
he/she/it protested
we protested
you protested
they protested
Present Continuous
I am protesting
you are protesting
he/she/it is protesting
we are protesting
you are protesting
they are protesting
Present Perfect
I have protested
you have protested
he/she/it has protested
we have protested
you have protested
they have protested
Past Continuous
I was protesting
you were protesting
he/she/it was protesting
we were protesting
you were protesting
they were protesting
Past Perfect
I had protested
you had protested
he/she/it had protested
we had protested
you had protested
they had protested
I will protest
you will protest
he/she/it will protest
we will protest
you will protest
they will protest
Future Perfect
I will have protested
you will have protested
he/she/it will have protested
we will have protested
you will have protested
they will have protested
Future Continuous
I will be protesting
you will be protesting
he/she/it will be protesting
we will be protesting
you will be protesting
they will be protesting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been protesting
you have been protesting
he/she/it has been protesting
we have been protesting
you have been protesting
they have been protesting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been protesting
you will have been protesting
he/she/it will have been protesting
we will have been protesting
you will have been protesting
they will have been protesting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been protesting
you had been protesting
he/she/it had been protesting
we had been protesting
you had been protesting
they had been protesting
I would protest
you would protest
he/she/it would protest
we would protest
you would protest
they would protest
Past Conditional
I would have protested
you would have protested
he/she/it would have protested
we would have protested
you would have protested
they would have protested
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.protest - a formal and solemn declaration of objectionprotest - a formal and solemn declaration of objection; "they finished the game under protest to the league president"; "the senator rose to register his protest"; "the many protestations did not stay the execution"
objection - the speech act of objecting
2.protest - the act of protesting; a public (often organized) manifestation of dissent
boycott - a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
direct action - a protest action by labor or minority groups to obtain their demands
resistance - group action in opposition to those in power
demonstration, manifestation - a public display of group feelings (usually of a political nature); "there were violent demonstrations against the war"
walkout - the act of walking out (of a meeting or organization) as a sign of protest; "there was a walkout by the Black members as the chairman rose to speak"
3.protest - the act of making a strong public expression of disagreement and disapproval; "he shouted his protests at the umpire"; "a shower of protest was heard from the rear of the hall"
objection - the speech act of objecting
Verb1.protest - utter words of protest
kvetch, plain, quetch, complain, sound off, kick - express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness; "My mother complains all day"; "She has a lot to kick about"
declaim, inveigh - speak against in an impassioned manner; "he declaimed against the wasteful ways of modern society"
2.protest - express opposition through action or words; "dissent to the laws of the country"
controvert, contradict, oppose - be resistant to; "The board opposed his motion"
walk out, strike - stop work in order to press demands; "The auto workers are striking for higher wages"; "The employees walked out when their demand for better benefits was not met"
demonstrate, march - march in protest; take part in a demonstration; "Thousands demonstrated against globalization during the meeting of the most powerful economic nations in Seattle"
rebel, rise up, arise, rise - take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance
renegade, rebel - break with established customs
3.protest - affirm or avow formally or solemnly; "The suspect protested his innocence"
avow, swan, swear, affirm, assert, aver, verify - to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; "Before God I swear I am innocent"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. object, demonstrate, oppose, complain, disagree, cry out, disapprove, say no to, demur, take exception, remonstrate, kick against (informal), expostulate, take up the cudgels, express disapproval Women took to the streets to protest against the arrests.
2. assert, argue, insist, maintain, declare, vow, testify, contend, affirm, profess, attest, avow, asseverate `I never said that,' he protested.
1. demonstration, march, rally, sit-in, demo (informal) The opposition staged a protest against the government.
2. objection, complaint, declaration, dissent, outcry, disapproval, protestation, demur, formal complaint, remonstrance, demurral a protest against people's growing economic hardship
"The lady doth protest too much methinks" [William Shakespeare Hamlet]
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


To express opposition, often by argument:
Informal: kick, squawk.
Idioms: set up a squawk, take exception.
The act of expressing strong or reasoned opposition:
Slang: kick.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
إِحْتِجَاجإعْتِراض، إحْتِجاجيَعْتَرِضُيَعْتَرِض، يَحْتَجيُنْكِر بِشِدَّه
lÿsa yfir, halda frammótmælamótmæli
apgalvotcelt iebildumusiebildumsprotestētprotests
protestoprotesto etmekdirenmekkarşı çıkmakesinlikle iddia etmek
phản đốisự phản đối


A. [ˈprəʊtest] N (gen) → protesta f; (= complaint) → queja f
under protestbajo protesta
I'll do it but under protestlo haré pero que conste mi protesta
to make a protesthacer una protesta
B. [prəˈtest] VT
1. (= complain) → protestar
to protest thatprotestar diciendo que
2. (US) (= complain about) → protestar de
3. (= dispute) → poner reparos a
4. (= affirm) [+ one's love] → declarar, afirmar
he protested his innocencedeclaró enérgicamente su inocencia
C. [prəˈtest] VIprotestar
to protest at or againstprotestar de
D. [ˈprəʊtest] CPD protest demonstration, protest march Nmanifestación f or marcha f (de protesta)
protest movement Nmovimiento m de protesta, movimiento m contestatario
protest song Ncanción f (de) protesta
protest vote Nvoto m de protesta
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(= complaint) → protestation f
The unions joined in the protests against the government's proposals → Les syndicats se sont joints aux protestations contre le gouvernement.
He ignored their protests → Il a ignoré leurs protestations.
in protest → en signe de protestation
in protest at sth → pour protester contre qch
(= demonstration) → manifestation f
a protest against sth → une manifestation contre qch
[prəˈtɛst] vb
(= complain) → protester
to protest about sth, to protest at sth → protester contre qch
(= demonstrate) → manifester
to protest against sth, to protest at sth → manifester contre qch
[prəˈtɛst] vt
(= declare) [+ one's loyalty, goodwill] → protester de
to protest one's innocence → protester de son innocence
He has always protested his innocence → Il a toujours protesté de son innocence.
to protest (that) ... → protester que ...
modif [group, movement] → de protestation
protest march → manifestation f
protest vote → vote m de protestation
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nProtest m; (= demonstration)Protestkundgebung f; under protestunter Protest; in protestaus Protest; to make a/one’s protestProtest or Widerspruch erheben; letter of protest, protest letterProtestschreiben nt
vi (→ gegen) → protestieren; (= demonstrate)demonstrieren; the protesting scream of the brakesdas gequälte Aufkreischen der Bremsen
(= dispute) decisionprotestieren gegen, Protest or Einspruch erheben gegen; it’s mine, he protesteddas gehört mir, protestierte er
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[n ˈprəʊtɛst; vb prəˈtɛst]
1. nprotesta
to do sth under protest → fare qc protestando
2. vtprotestare
3. vi to protest against/aboutprotestare contro/per
to protest to sb → fare le proprie rimostranze a qn
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(prəˈtest) verb
1. to express a strong objection. They are protesting against the new law.
2. to state or declare definitely, especially in denying something. She protested that she was innocent.
(ˈproutest) noun
a strong statement or demonstration of objection or disapproval. He made no protest; (also adjective) a protest march.
proˈtester noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


إِحْتِجَاج, يَعْتَرِضُ protest, protestovat protest, protestere Protest, protestieren διαμαρτυρία, διαμαρτύρομαι protesta, protestar protesti, protestoida protestation, protester protest, protestirati protesta, protestare 抗議, 抗議する 항의, 항의하다 protest, protesteren protest, protestere protest, zaprotestować protestar, protesto протест, протестовать protest, protestera การประท้วง, ประท้วง protesto, protesto etmek phản đối, sự phản đối 抗议
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
"The Church does not protest against it," Ernest replied.
"Certainly not insult, but protest. I should do it with a good object.
"And very justly too, I protest," cries Dowling; "I would turn my own son out of doors, if he was guilty of half as much.
"I confess," replied the Missionary, fingering a number of ten-cent pieces which a Sunday-school in his own country had forwarded to him, "that I am a product of you, but I protest that you cannot quote Scripture with accuracy and point.
No, again I protest against it, little Barbara; again I protest.--Your most humble, devoted servant,
"I had so," cried Davy, but in the voice of one who doth protest too much.
Having looked at it, he at once informed the prisoner (evidently very much to the prisoner's surprise) that he must submit to have the drawer examined, under protest. And then, without more ado, he got the key, and opened the table drawer for us himself.
A sudden outburst of protest in more than one part of the room stopped the coming disclosure, and released the Doctor from further persecution.
'Brother!' said the old man, conveying a surprising energy into his trembling voice, 'I protest against it!
On one or two occasions when I saw Miss Corray walking with him I was furious, and once had the indiscretion to protest. Asked for reasons, I had none to give and fancied I saw in her expression a shade of contempt for the vagaries of a jealous mind.
I did not protest, first, because I dislike scandal, and, second, because I thought that your predecessors, MM.
With the obstinacy of his order, he protested against being dragged in a chosen direction.