prothallium


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pro·thal·lus

 (prō-thăl′əs) or pro·thal·li·um (-thăl′ē-əm)
n. pl. pro·thal·li (-thăl′ī) or pro·thal·li·a (-thăl′ē-ə)
A small, flat, delicate structure produced by a germinating spore and bearing sex organs. It is the gametophyte of ferns and some other plants.

[New Latin : pro- + Greek thallos, shoot (from thallein, to sprout).]

pro·thal′li·al (-lē-əl) adj.

pro•thal•li•um

(proʊˈθæl i əm)

n., pl. -thal•li•a (-ˈθæl i ə)
the gametophyte of ferns and related plants.
[1855–60; < Greek pro- pro-2 + thallíon, diminutive of thallós young shoot; see -ium2]
pro•thal′li•al, pro•thal′lic, pro•thal′line (-ˈθæl in, -aɪn) adj.
pro•thal′loid, adj.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Each of these develops into a winged pollen grain with two prothallium cells (having no apparent function), a generative cell, and a tube cell.
prothallium cells: Fern that produces both male and female sex cells.