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n. pl. proth·e·ses (-sēz′)
1. Linguistics The addition of a phoneme or syllable at the beginning of a word, as in Spanish espina, "thorn," from Latin spina.
2. Eastern Orthodox Church
a. The preparation of the bread and wine for the Eucharist.
b. The table used for this preparation.

[Greek, prefixing, from protithenai, prothe-, to put before : pro-, before; see pro-2 + tithenai, to put; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]

pro·thet′ic (prŏ-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
pro·thet′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Phonetics & Phonology) a process in the development of a language by which a phoneme or syllable is prefixed to a word to facilitate pronunciation: Latin "scala" gives Spanish "escala" by prothesis.
2. (Eastern Church (Greek & Russian Orthodox)) Eastern Orthodox Church the solemn preparation of the Eucharistic elements before consecration
[C16: via Late Latin from Greek: a setting out in public, from pro- forth + thesis a placing]
prothetic adj
proˈthetically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈprɒθ ə sɪs)

1. the addition of a sound or syllable at the beginning of a word, as in Spanish escala “ladder” from Latin scala.
2. Eastern Ch. the preparation and preliminary oblation of the Eucharistic elements.
[1665–75; < Late Latin < Greek próthesis placing in public, offering, preposition = pro(ti)thé(nai) to set out, display, put forward]
pro•thet•ic (prəˈθɛt ɪk) adj.
pro•thet′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Les transhumanistes reclament le droit d'experimenter, sur des patients volontaires, des choses deja techniquement possibles comme des implants retiniens permettant de percevoir le rayonnement infrarouge, des protheses sans limite dans les rotations, des implants cochleaires (qui agissent sur le nerf auditif) regles pour percevoir des ultra-sons...
"Maradona knows the solution is an operation and protheses in both knees.
Chez nous, malheureusement, l'art et la culture sont des protheses souvent derangeantes !
Edentualism and protheses conjugate a significant binomial impact on the quality of life of the analyzed population, not only in physical terms, but in psychological and social aspects as well.
Rocha, "Screw-retained prostheses versus cemented protheses. Use of ceramic inlays to obture the oclusal gold screw access conduit," Innovations Journal, vol.
ALAIN, Comportement electrochimique de deux protheses totales de hanche en acier AISI 316L et en alliage de Ti-6A-7Nb".
ont publie une classification des protheses non resorbables (4), differentes classifications se sont succede devant l'expansion importante de l'industrie prothetique (5).