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 (prō′tə-gī′nəs, -jĭn′əs)
Of or relating to an organism, especially a plant, in which the female reproductive organs mature before the male reproductive organs.

pro·tog′y·ny (prō-tŏj′ə-nē) n.


(prəʊˈtɒdʒɪnəs) or


(Biology) (of plants and hermaphrodite animals) producing female gametes before male ones. Compare protandrous
proˈtogyny n
References in periodicals archive ?
Aromatase inhibitor induces complete sex in protogynous honeycomb grouper, Epinephelus merra.
Combined with the protogynous hermaphroditism, slow growth, and late maturation common to large groupers, many species of grouper are experiencing population declines due to the removal of spawning stocks at aggregations (Matos-Caraballo, 1997).
The blackeye goby is a protogynous reef fish common to the northeastern Pacific Ocean.
The hogfish is what the biologists call a protogynous hermaphrodite: juveniles start out as female and then mature to become male.
In protogynous goby species in which individuals shift unidirectionally from ova to sperm production, the AGS that develop during sexual transition arise from precursive accessory gonadal structures (pAGS) associated with the ovary (Cole, 1988).
Spotted sand bass Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner, 1868), is a protogynous hermaphrodite species (Lluch-Cota, 1995) with a reasonable potential for culture on the northwest coast of Mexico due to its apparently suitable characteristics for aquaculture (Alvarez-Gonzalez et al.
Density-dependent protogynous sex change in territorial-haremic fishes: models and evidence.
Bhandari RK, Alam MA, Higa M, Soyano K, Nakamura M (2005) Evidence that estrogen regulates the sex change of honeycomb grouper (Epinephelus merra), a protogynous hermaphrodite fish.
Protogynous hermaphrodite; fished commercially and for sport, although it is listed as "Near Threatened" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources in its Red list of Threatened Species (IUCN, 2014).
albus swamp eels are protogynous hermaphrodites and change naturally from female to male, supposedly in response to environmental cues (24).
Flowers are protogynous with a long pistillate phase and a short pollen-dispersing staminate phase.