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 (prō′vī′rəs, prō-vī′-)
n. pl. pro·vi·rus·es
A form of a virus that allows it to be integrated into the genome of a host cell and to replicate in concert with the cell's genetic material without causing cell lysis.

pro′vi′ral (-rəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biology) relating to a provirus
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
'Laser Art helps the Crispr to identify the proviral sections of the DNA and cut it out, meaning the virus has nowhere to attach.'
Evaluation of total white blood cell count as a marker for proviral load of bovine leukemia virus in dairy cattle from herds with a high seroprevalence of antibodies against bovine leukemia virus.
We provide epidemiologic findings and HTLV-1 proviral load (HTLV-1 DNA copies/100 peripheral blood mononuclear cells) for this case-patient and 9 other asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers of similar demography who reported a history of self-flagellation in Iraq, Pakistan, India, or the United Kingdom (Table).
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is a malignant neoplasm of T-lymphocytes caused by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1); it is characterized by mono- or oligoclonal integration of proviral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and the presence of abnormal lymphocytes with convoluted nuclei (1-5).
Bu yontemin, HIV-1 proviral DNA'yi (22), Rift Vadisi atesi virusu gibi viruslari (23), Mycobacterium tuberculosis'i (24), Chlamydia trachomatis'i (25), Francisella tularensis'i (26), Plasmodium falciparum'u (27), biyolojik tehdit olusturan etkenleri (28) ve bakterilerdeki [bla.sub.CTX-M], [bla.sub.NDM], [SCC.sub.mec] gibi direnc genlerini (29,30) on kopyanin altina dusen bir duyarlilikla saptamaya olanak verdigini ortaya koyan cesitli calismalar mevcuttur.
The two most commonly used virological tests in the United States are nucleic acid amplification tests are 1) HIV-1 DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which detects cell-associate proviral DNA, and 2) HIV-1 RNA PCR, which detects plasma viral RNA (Robinson & Fernandez, 2010).
Two rounds of PCR amplification (nested PCR) were used to detect the 187bp proviral DNA fragment, which corresponded to the gag leader sequence of the CAEV genome.
In further confirmation of the critical role of lipid metabolism in HCV replication, they found that knockdown of fatty acid elongases and desaturases disrupted HCV replication, while overexpression of these enzymes showed a proviral effect.
(2011) el ganado Blanco Orejinegro no presento DNA proviral de VLB, sin embargo, aunque en este estudio si se encontro el provirus de VLB en la raza BON, el porcentaje de infeccion fue bajo (5%).