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 (prō′vī′rəs, prō-vī′-)
n. pl. pro·vi·rus·es
A form of a virus that allows it to be integrated into the genome of a host cell and to replicate in concert with the cell's genetic material without causing cell lysis.

pro′vi′ral (-rəl) adj.


(Biology) relating to a provirus
References in periodicals archive ?
In about 3-4% of patients, the integrated proviral DNA or the virally encoded proteins cause CD4 cell or T-helper lymphocyte lymphoproliferative disease that may result in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL).
La transmision vertical ocurre principalmente por la leche materna, en cuyo caso el riesgo de infeccion para los ninos nacidos de madres seropositivas para el virus depende de factores como la carga proviral en la leche materna, la duracion de la lactancia materna (mas de seis meses), la edad de la madre y la concordancia del alelo del complejo mayor de histocompatibilidad HLA (antigenos leucocitarios humanos) clase 1 entre la madre y el hijo (43,44).
PIM kinases named for the genomic site, Proviral Integration site of Moloney Murine leukemia virus.
Specific detection of small ruminant lentiviral nucleic acid sequences located in the proviral long terminal repeat and leader-gag regions using real-time polymerase chain reaction.
Replicative fitness of transmitted HIV-1 drives acute immune activation, proviral load in memory CD4 T cells, and disease progression.
Sodroski, Harvard University, Boston) which contains the complete proviral genome of the HIV-1 HXBc2 ([vif.
Triple therapy with prednisolone, pegylated interferon and sodium valproate improves clinical outcome and reduces human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) proviral load, tax and HBZ mRNA expression in patients with HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis.
Rap id detection of HIV-1 proviral DNA for early infant diagnosis using recombinase polymerase amplification.
HLA alleles determine human T-lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV-I) proviral load and the risk of HTLV-I-associated myelopathy.
This involves amplifying proviral DNA in the laboratory, so that a diagnosis of infection can be made.
Focal glomerulosclerosis in proviral and c-fms transgenic mice links Vpr expression to HIV-associated nephropathy.