Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to proximity: proximity sensor


The state, quality, sense, or fact of being near or next; closeness: "Swift's major writings have a proximity and a relevance that is splendidly invigorating" (M.D. Aeschliman). See Usage Note at redundancy.

[Middle English, from Old French proximite, from Latin proximitās, from proximus, nearest; see proximate.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. nearness in space or time
2. nearness or closeness in a series
[C15: from Latin proximitās closeness; see proximate]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(prɒkˈsɪm ɪ ti)

nearness in place, time, relation, etc.
[1475–85; < Latin proximitās nearness, vicinity. See proximal, -ity]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.



cheek by jowl Side by side, in close proximity. Cheek by jowl, in use since 1577, is a variation of the older cheek by cheek, which dates from 1330. In modern English jowl means either jaw’ or ‘cheek,’ although it is more often construed as the former. Shakespeare used the expression in A Midsummer Night’s Dream:

Nay, I’ll go with thee, cheek by jowl. (III, ii)

in spitting distance Close, at arm’s length. This expression denoting a short distance is based on the simple crude idea that one can spit only so far.

a stone’s throw A short distance; close by.

Three mighty churches, all within a stone’s throw of one another. (Augustus Jessopp, Coming of the Friars, 1889)

This common expression obviously alludes to the limited distance that one can throw a small rock.

within an ace Within a hair’s-breadth; very close; on the brink or verge; almost. This popular phrase, which dates from 1704, stems from the figurative use of ace to mean ‘a minute portion, a jot.’ Hence:

I was within an ace of being talked to death. (Thomas Brown, Letters, 1704)

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.proximity - the property of being close together
nearness, closeness - the spatial property resulting from a relatively small distance; "the sudden closeness of the dock sent him into action"
2.proximity - the region close around a person or thing
locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity - a surrounding or nearby region; "the plane crashed in the vicinity of Asheville"; "it is a rugged locality"; "he always blames someone else in the immediate neighborhood"; "I will drop in on you the next time I am in this neck of the woods"
presence, front - the immediate proximity of someone or something; "she blushed in his presence"; "he sensed the presence of danger"; "he was well behaved in front of company"
3.proximity - a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) objects or events that are near to one another (in space or time) are perceived as belonging together as a unit
Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization - a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


noun nearness, closeness, vicinity, neighbourhood, juxtaposition, contiguity, propinquity, adjacency families living in close proximity to one another
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
قُرْبقُرْب، جِوار
nálægî, nánd
sự gần gũi


[prɒkˈsɪmɪtɪ] Nproximidad f
in proximity tocerca or en las cercanías de
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[prɒkˈsɪmɪti] nproximité f
proximity to sth/sb → proximité de qch/qn
in close proximity to sth/sb → à proximité immédiate de qch/qn
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nNähe f; in proximity toin der Nähe (+gen); in close proximity toin unmittelbarer Nähe (+gen); proximity in timezeitliche Nähe
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[prɒkˈsɪmɪtɪ] nvicinanza, prossimità
in the proximity of → in prossimità di
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(prokˈsiməti) noun
nearness. Their house is in close proximity to ours.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


قُرْب blízkost nærhed Nähe εγγύτητα proximidad läheisyys proximité blizina prossimità 近接 근접 nabijheid nærhet bliskość proximidade близость närhet บริเวณที่ใกล้เคียง yakınlık sự gần gũi 接近
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
Staggered at this answer -- for in the immediate proximity of the Monarch (as I had noted in my dream before I entered Lineland) there were none but Men -- I ventured to reply, "Pardon me, but I cannot imagine how your Royal Highness can at any time either see or approach their Majesties, when there are at least half a dozen intervening individuals, whom you can neither see through, nor pass by?
On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away.
Vronsky was used to princes, but, either because he had himself changed of late, or that he was in too close proximity to the prince, that week seemed fearfully wearisome to him.
I could not but wonder what this ferocious-looking monstrosity might do when left alone in such close proximity to such a relatively tender morsel of meat; but my fears were groundless, as the beast, after surveying me intently for a moment, crossed the room to the only exit which led to the street, and lay down full length across the threshold.
The three rival companies, which, for a year past had been endeavoring to out-trade, out-trap and out-wit each other, were here encamped in close proximity, awaiting their annual supplies.
The moon, by her comparative proximity, and the constantly varying appearances produced by her several phases, has always occupied a considerable share of the attention of the inhabitants of the earth.
Philander--" screamed Professor Porter, as, metaphorically speaking, he himself "threw her into high." He, too, had caught a fleeting backward glimpse of cruel yellow eyes and half open mouth within startling proximity of his person.
It was mid-afternoon of a sultry, tropical day when the keen senses of the three warned them of the proximity of the Arab camp.
He had been standing a long time in that position, for I saw a pair of ousels passing and repassing scarcely three feet from him, busy in building their nest, and regarding his proximity no more than that of a piece of timber.
But the Mar- tians now understood our command of artillery and the danger of human proximity, and not a man ventured within a mile of either cylinder, save at the price of his life.
From the moment's glimpse, it was derived that they had been unaware of the proximity of their dark- suited foes or had mistaken the direction.
No enjoyments have greater zest than these, snatched in the very midst of difficulty and danger; and it is probable the poor wayworn and weather- beaten travellers relished these creature comforts the more highly from the surrounding desolation, and the dangerous proximity of the Crows.