Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to proximity: proximity sensor


The state, quality, sense, or fact of being near or next; closeness: "Swift's major writings have a proximity and a relevance that is splendidly invigorating" (M.D. Aeschliman). See Usage Note at redundancy.

[Middle English, from Old French proximite, from Latin proximitās, from proximus, nearest; see proximate.]


1. nearness in space or time
2. nearness or closeness in a series
[C15: from Latin proximitās closeness; see proximate]


(prɒkˈsɪm ɪ ti)

nearness in place, time, relation, etc.
[1475–85; < Latin proximitās nearness, vicinity. See proximal, -ity]



cheek by jowl Side by side, in close proximity. Cheek by jowl, in use since 1577, is a variation of the older cheek by cheek, which dates from 1330. In modern English jowl means either jaw’ or ‘cheek,’ although it is more often construed as the former. Shakespeare used the expression in A Midsummer Night’s Dream:

Nay, I’ll go with thee, cheek by jowl. (III, ii)

in spitting distance Close, at arm’s length. This expression denoting a short distance is based on the simple crude idea that one can spit only so far.

a stone’s throw A short distance; close by.

Three mighty churches, all within a stone’s throw of one another. (Augustus Jessopp, Coming of the Friars, 1889)

This common expression obviously alludes to the limited distance that one can throw a small rock.

within an ace Within a hair’s-breadth; very close; on the brink or verge; almost. This popular phrase, which dates from 1704, stems from the figurative use of ace to mean ‘a minute portion, a jot.’ Hence:

I was within an ace of being talked to death. (Thomas Brown, Letters, 1704)

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.proximity - the property of being close together
nearness, closeness - the spatial property resulting from a relatively small distance; "the sudden closeness of the dock sent him into action"
2.proximity - the region close around a person or thing
locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity - a surrounding or nearby region; "the plane crashed in the vicinity of Asheville"; "it is a rugged locality"; "he always blames someone else in the immediate neighborhood"; "I will drop in on you the next time I am in this neck of the woods"
presence, front - the immediate proximity of someone or something; "she blushed in his presence"; "he sensed the presence of danger"; "he was well behaved in front of company"
3.proximity - a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) objects or events that are near to one another (in space or time) are perceived as belonging together as a unit
Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization - a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization


noun nearness, closeness, vicinity, neighbourhood, juxtaposition, contiguity, propinquity, adjacency families living in close proximity to one another
قُرْبقُرْب، جِوار
nálægî, nánd
sự gần gũi


[prɒkˈsɪmɪtɪ] Nproximidad f
in proximity tocerca or en las cercanías de


[prɒkˈsɪmɪti] nproximité f
proximity to sth/sb → proximité de qch/qn
in close proximity to sth/sb → à proximité immédiate de qch/qn


nNähe f; in proximity toin der Nähe (+gen); in close proximity toin unmittelbarer Nähe (+gen); proximity in timezeitliche Nähe


[prɒkˈsɪmɪtɪ] nvicinanza, prossimità
in the proximity of → in prossimità di


(prokˈsiməti) noun
nearness. Their house is in close proximity to ours.


قُرْب blízkost nærhed Nähe εγγύτητα proximidad läheisyys proximité blizina prossimità 近接 근접 nabijheid nærhet bliskość proximidade близость närhet บริเวณที่ใกล้เคียง yakınlık sự gần gũi 接近
References in classic literature ?
In these brief pauses, Heyward and the sisters listened, with senses rendered doubly acute by the danger, to detect any symptoms which might announce the proximity of their foes.
This phantasy was probably suggested by the near proximity of the Governor's red roses, as Pearl stood outside of the window, together with her recollection of the prison rose-bush, which she had passed in coming hither.
Even in the daytime the foreshadowing effect of this mountain's close proximity creates curious deceptions.
He had been standing a long time in that position, for I saw a pair of ousels passing and repassing scarcely three feet from him, busy in building their nest, and regarding his proximity no more than that of a piece of timber.
Staggered at this answer -- for in the immediate proximity of the Monarch (as I had noted in my dream before I entered Lineland) there were none but Men -- I ventured to reply, "Pardon me, but I cannot imagine how your Royal Highness can at any time either see or approach their Majesties, when there are at least half a dozen intervening individuals, whom you can neither see through, nor pass by?
I could not but wonder what this ferocious-looking monstrosity might do when left alone in such close proximity to such a relatively tender morsel of meat; but my fears were groundless, as the beast, after surveying me intently for a moment, crossed the room to the only exit which led to the street, and lay down full length across the threshold.
The trainer was not slow to note the boy's handsome, eager face, and as one of Ajax's biggest hits consisted in an entry to one or more boxes during his performance, ostensibly in search of a long-lost relative, as the trainer explained, the man realized the effectiveness of sending him into the box with the handsome boy, who, doubtless, would be terror stricken by proximity to the shaggy, powerful beast.
It so happened that there was no one at the moment on Tate Hill Pier, as all those whose houses are in close proximity were either in bed or were out on the heights above.
But the Mar- tians now understood our command of artillery and the danger of human proximity, and not a man ventured within a mile of either cylinder, save at the price of his life.
Another had such a very dirty old uniform that there was an unpleasant odour in his proximity.
Napoleon, in the Island of Elba, is too near France, and his proximity keeps up the hopes of his partisans.
On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away.