prune


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Related to prune: plum, Prune belly syndrome

prune 1

 (pro͞on)
n.
1.
a. The partially dried fruit of any of several varieties of the common plum, Prunus domestica.
b. Any kind of plum that can be dried without spoiling.
2. Slang An ill-tempered, stupid, or incompetent person.
intr.v. pruned, prun·ing, prunes Slang
To make a facial expression exhibiting ill temper or disgust: "Their faces prune at the slightest provocation" (James Wolcott).

[Middle English, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *prūna, from Latin prūnum, plum.]

prune 2

 (pro͞on)
v. pruned, prun·ing, prunes
v.tr.
1. To cut off or remove dead or living parts or branches of (a plant, for example) to improve shape or growth.
2. To remove or cut out as superfluous.
3. To reduce: prune a budget.
v.intr.
To remove what is superfluous or undesirable.

[Early Modern English, from Middle French prougner, from Old French prooignier, perhaps from pro-, variant of por-, pur-, away, forth (from Latin prō-, in front; see pro-1) + rooignier, to trim (from Vulgar Latin *rotundiāre, to round off, from Latin rotundus, round; see ret- in Indo-European roots).]

prun′er n.

prune

(pruːn)
n
1. (Cookery) a purplish-black partially dried fruit of any of several varieties of plum tree
2. slang chiefly Brit a dull, uninteresting, or foolish person
[C14: from Old French prune, from Latin prūnum plum, from Greek prounon]

prune

(pruːn)
vb
1. (Horticulture) to remove (dead or superfluous twigs, branches, etc) from (a tree, shrub, etc), esp by cutting off
2. to remove (anything undesirable or superfluous) from (a book, etc)
[C15: from Old French proignier to clip, probably from provigner to prune vines, from provain layer (of a plant), from Latin propāgo a cutting]
ˈprunable adj
ˈpruner n

prune

(pruːn)
vb
1. (Zoology) an archaic word for preen1
2. (Clothing & Fashion) an archaic word for preen1

prune1

(prun)

n.
1. a variety of plum that dries without spoiling.
2. any plum when dried.
[1300–50; late Middle English < Middle French < Latin prūna, pl. (taken as feminine singular) of prūnum plum < Greek proû(m)non plum1]

prune2

(prun)

v. pruned, prun•ing. v.t.
1. to cut or lop superfluous or undesired twigs, branches, or roots from; trim.
2. to cut or lop off (twigs, branches, or roots).
3. to rid or clear of (anything superfluous or undesirable).
4. to remove (anything considered superfluous or undesirable).
v.i.
5. to remove or cut away superfluous or undesired parts.
[1400–50; late Middle English prouynen < Middle French proognier to prune, variant of provigner, derivative of provain scion < Latin propāginem, acc. of propāgō]

prune3

(prun)

v.t. pruned, prun•ing.
Archaic. to preen.
[1350–1400; Middle English prunen, pruynen, proy(g)nen < Old French poroign-, present s. of poroindre=por- (< Latin pro- pro-1) + oindre to anoint (< Latin unguere); see preen1]

prune

  • amputate - Comes from Latin ambi, "around," and putare, "to prune, trim."
  • dried plum - Another name for a prune.
  • preen - Generally thought to be an alteration of prune, "cut branches."
  • purge - To purge a tree is to prune it; to purge a candle is to snuff it.

prune


Past participle: pruned
Gerund: pruning

Imperative
prune
prune
Present
I prune
you prune
he/she/it prunes
we prune
you prune
they prune
Preterite
I pruned
you pruned
he/she/it pruned
we pruned
you pruned
they pruned
Present Continuous
I am pruning
you are pruning
he/she/it is pruning
we are pruning
you are pruning
they are pruning
Present Perfect
I have pruned
you have pruned
he/she/it has pruned
we have pruned
you have pruned
they have pruned
Past Continuous
I was pruning
you were pruning
he/she/it was pruning
we were pruning
you were pruning
they were pruning
Past Perfect
I had pruned
you had pruned
he/she/it had pruned
we had pruned
you had pruned
they had pruned
Future
I will prune
you will prune
he/she/it will prune
we will prune
you will prune
they will prune
Future Perfect
I will have pruned
you will have pruned
he/she/it will have pruned
we will have pruned
you will have pruned
they will have pruned
Future Continuous
I will be pruning
you will be pruning
he/she/it will be pruning
we will be pruning
you will be pruning
they will be pruning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been pruning
you have been pruning
he/she/it has been pruning
we have been pruning
you have been pruning
they have been pruning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been pruning
you will have been pruning
he/she/it will have been pruning
we will have been pruning
you will have been pruning
they will have been pruning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been pruning
you had been pruning
he/she/it had been pruning
we had been pruning
you had been pruning
they had been pruning
Conditional
I would prune
you would prune
he/she/it would prune
we would prune
you would prune
they would prune
Past Conditional
I would have pruned
you would have pruned
he/she/it would have pruned
we would have pruned
you would have pruned
they would have pruned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prune - dried plumprune - dried plum        
dried fruit - fruit preserved by drying
Verb1.prune - cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth ofprune - cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of; "dress the plants in the garden"
thin out - make sparse; "thin out the young plants"
shear - cut with shears; "shear hedges"
pollard, poll - convert into a pollard; "pollard trees"
pinch, top - cut the top off; "top trees and bushes"
disbud - thin out buds to improve the quality of the remaining flowers
2.prune - weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; "We had to lose weight, so we cut the sugar from our diet"
do away with, eliminate, get rid of, extinguish - terminate, end, or take out; "Let's eliminate the course on Akkadian hieroglyphics"; "Socialism extinguished these archaic customs"; "eliminate my debts"

prune

verb
1. cut, trim, clip, dock, shape, cut back, shorten, snip, lop, pare down You have to prune the bushes if you want fruit.
2. reduce, cut, cut back, trim, cut down, pare down, make reductions in Economic hard times are forcing the company to prune their budget.

prune

verb
To decrease, as in length or amount, by or as if by severing or excising:
Translations
بَرْقُوقٌ مُجَفَّفٌخوخ مُجَفَّفيُقَلِّم، يُشَذِّب
sušená švestkaořezávatprořezatprořezávat
sveskebeskære
karsiakuivattu luumu
suha šljiva
snyrta/klippasveskja
プルーン
말린 자두
apcirptapgrieztžāvēta plūme
orezaťprerezaťsušená slivka
suha sliva
katrinplommonansa
พลัมแห้ง
budamakerik kurusukırpmakkuru erik
mận khô

prune

1 [pruːn] N
1. (= fruit) → ciruela f pasa
2. (= person) → bobo/a m/f, majadero/a m/f

prune

2 [pruːn] VT [+ tree, branches] → podar (fig) → reducir, recortar
prune away VT + ADV [+ branches] → podar (fig) [+ words] → cortar

prune

[ˈpruːn]
n (= dried fruit) → pruneau m
vt [+ plant] → tailler
prune back
vt sep [+ plant] → tailler, rabattre

prune

1
nBackpflaume f

prune

2
vt (also prune down)beschneiden, stutzen; hedgeschneiden, zurechtstutzen; (fig) expenditurekürzen; workforcereduzieren; firmschrumpfen lassen; book, essayzusammenstreichen, kürzen; to prune awayab- or wegschneiden; unnecessary details etcwegstreichen; to prune superfluous matter from an essayeinen Aufsatz straffen

prune

1 [pruːn] n (fruit) → prugna (secca)

prune

2 [pruːn] vt (tree) → potare

prune1

(pruːn) verb
to trim (a tree etc) by cutting off unnecessary twigs and branches. He pruned the roses.

prune2

(pruːn) noun
a dried plum.

prune

بَرْقُوقٌ مُجَفَّفٌ sušená švestka sveske Backpflaume ξερό δαμάσκηνο ciruela pasa kuivattu luumu pruneau suha šljiva prugna secca プルーン 말린 자두 gedroogde pruim sviske suszona śliwka ameixa seca чернослив katrinplommon พลัมแห้ง kuru erik mận khô 梅干

prune

n ciruela pasa
References in classic literature ?
Another has been found willing to prune away Saint-Germain-des-Pres, the feudal abbey with three bell towers.
If one did not look after them," she went on, looking at Genestas, "they would eat up the whole lot of prunes, the madcaps
They gnawed their prunes without saying a word, but they kept their sly and mischievous eyes fixed upon the stranger.
The four orphans for whom the old woman's affection represented all human guardianship had come to an end of their prunes.
no, sir, but they can smell the prunes, the little dears.
Papa, potatoes, poultry, prunes, and prism are all very good words for the lips: especially prunes and prism.
To become accustomed to the novelty of my life, was all I meant,' said Little Dorrit, with her loving eyes upon her father; whom she had very nearly addressed as poultry, if not prunes and prism too, in her desire to submit herself to Mrs General and please him.
Having delivered this exalted sentiment, Mrs General made a sweeping obeisance, and retired with an expression of mouth indicative of Prunes and Prism.
Their fare was monotonous: sour-dough bread, bacon, beans, and an occasional dish of rice cooked along with a handful of prunes.
They plumb e't all the bacon and prunes and sugar and dog-food," Elijah reported, "and gosh darn my buttons, if they didn't gnaw open the sacks and scatter the flour and beans and rice from Dan to Beersheba.
said Planchet, "if it is so, we must not despair for that; you shall become a grocer with me; I shall take you for my partner, we will share the profits, and if there should be no more profits, well, why then we shall share the almonds, raisins and prunes, and we will nibble together the last quarter of Dutch cheese.
Don a pair of elbow-length leather gloves before heading to the rose garden to prune.