pruning

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prune 1

 (pro͞on)
n.
1.
a. The partially dried fruit of any of several varieties of the common plum, Prunus domestica.
b. Any kind of plum that can be dried without spoiling.
2. Slang An ill-tempered, stupid, or incompetent person.
intr.v. pruned, prun·ing, prunes Slang
To make a facial expression exhibiting ill temper or disgust: "Their faces prune at the slightest provocation" (James Wolcott).

[Middle English, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *prūna, from Latin prūnum, plum.]

prune 2

 (pro͞on)
v. pruned, prun·ing, prunes
v.tr.
1. To cut off or remove dead or living parts or branches of (a plant, for example) to improve shape or growth.
2. To remove or cut out as superfluous.
3. To reduce: prune a budget.
v.intr.
To remove what is superfluous or undesirable.

[Early Modern English, from Middle French prougner, from Old French prooignier, perhaps from pro-, variant of por-, pur-, away, forth (from Latin prō-, in front; see pro-1) + rooignier, to trim (from Vulgar Latin *rotundiāre, to round off, from Latin rotundus, round; see ret- in Indo-European roots).]

prun′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pruning

(ˈpruːnɪŋ)
n
1. (Horticulture) horticulture the process of cutting off unwanted branches
2. the cutting of inessentials
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pruning - something that has been pruned off of a plantpruning - something that has been pruned off of a plant
cutting - a piece cut off from the main part of something
2.pruning - the act of trimming a plant
clipping, trimming, trim - cutting down to the desired size or shape
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
prořezávání

pruning

[ˈpruːnɪŋ]
A. N [of tree, branches] → poda f
B. CPD pruning hook N pruning knife N pruning shears NPLpodadera f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

pruning

nBeschneiden nt, → Stutzen nt; (of hedge)Schneiden nt, → Zurechtstutzen nt; (fig) (of expenditure)Kürzung f; (of workforce)Reduzierung f; (of firm)Schrumpfung f; (of book, essay)Zusammenstreichen nt, → Kürzung f; the tree needs pruningder Baum muss beschnitten or gestutzt werden

pruning

:
pruning hook
nRebmesser nt
pruning knife
nGartenmesser nt, → Hippe f
pruning shears
plGartenschere f, → Rebschere f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

pruning

[ˈpruːnɪŋ] npotatura
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
The weather for many a day and night has been so wet that the trees seem wet through, and the soft loppings and prunings of the woodman's axe can make no crash or crackle as they fall.
"I have a good deal to do to it yet--revising and pruning and so forth," he said, "but in the main it's done.
Ploughing and digging, vinedressing and pruning, are more in my way than defending provinces or kingdoms.
On a fine day they were quite a family party; the old lady sitting hard by with her work-basket on a little table; the old gentleman digging, or pruning, or clipping about with a large pair of shears, or helping Kit in some way or other with great assiduity; and Whisker looking on from his paddock in placid contemplation of them all.
The grass was as close-cropped and carpet-like as some old English lawn and the trees themselves showed evidence of careful pruning to a uniform height of about fifteen feet from the ground, so that as one turned his glance in any direction the forest had the appearance at a little distance of a vast, high-ceiled chamber.
So much has religion done for me; turning the original materials to the best account; pruning and training nature.
I took him round the garden along the new paths I had had made, and showed him the acacia and lilac glories, and he said that it was the purest selfishness to enjoy myself when neither he nor the offspring were with me, and that the lilacs wanted thoroughly pruning. I tried to appease him by offering him the whole of my salad and toast supper which stood ready at the foot of the little verandah steps when we came back, but nothing appeased that Man of Wrath, and he said he would go straight back to the neglected family.
Clipping and pruning and tacking the climbers on the porch, with my mouth full of nails, and Lloyd following me about and lending a hand now and again, we fell to discussing the mythical race of invisible people, that strange and vagrant people the traditions of which have come down to us.
The distrustful gardener, while plucking away the dead leaves or pruning the too luxuriant growth of the shrubs, defended his hands with a pair of thick gloves.
On Sunday, February 4, tutors Iwan Edwards and John Purchase will show gardeners how to prune fruit trees and then use the prunings to create grafted trees.
The costs associated with such pruning and disposal of prunings are high -- around $1,134 per acre total for years 1 to 6 (UCCE 2012).