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|Noun||1.||psychological science - the science of mental life |
habit, use - (psychology) an automatic pattern of behavior in reaction to a specific situation; may be inherited or acquired through frequent repetition; "owls have nocturnal habits"; "she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair"; "long use had hardened him to it"
rehearsal - (psychology) a form of practice; repetition of information (silently or aloud) in order to keep it in short-term memory
behaviour, behavior - (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation
extraversion, extroversion - (psychology) an extroverted disposition; concern with what is outside the self
introversion - (psychology) an introverted disposition; concern with one's own thoughts and feelings
ambiversion - (psychology) a balanced disposition intermediate between extroversion and introversion
image, persona - (Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world; "a public image is as fragile as Humpty Dumpty"
readiness, set - (psychology) being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way; "the subjects' set led them to solve problems the familiar way and to overlook the simpler solution"; "his instructions deliberately gave them the wrong set"
anima - (Jungian psychology) the inner self (not the external persona) that is in touch with the unconscious
double bind - (psychology) an unresolvable dilemma; situation in which a person receives contradictory messages from a person who is very powerful
cognitive operation, cognitive process, mental process, process, operation - (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents; "the process of thinking"; "the cognitive operation of remembering"
perceptual constancy, constancy - (psychology) the tendency for perceived objects to give rise to very similar perceptual experiences in spite of wide variations in the conditions of observation
chunking, unitisation, unitization - (psychology) the configuration of smaller units of information into large coordinated units
introjection - (psychology) unconscious internalization of aspects of the world (especially aspects of persons) within the self in such a way that the internalized representation takes over the psychological functions of the external objects
stimulus generalisation, stimulus generalization, generalisation, generalization - (psychology) transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus
reinforcer, reinforcing stimulus, reinforcement - (psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
law of effect - (psychology) the principle that behaviors are selected by their consequences; behavior having good consequences tends to be repeated whereas behavior that leads to bad consequences is not repeated
science, scientific discipline - a particular branch of scientific knowledge; "the science of genetics"
association theory, associationism - (psychology) a theory that association is the basic principle of mental activity
atomism - (psychology) a theory that reduces all mental phenomena to simple elements (sensations and feelings) that form complex ideas by association
applied psychology, industrial psychology - any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.
cognitive psychology - an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes
animal psychology, comparative psychology - the branch of psychology concerned with the behavior of animals
child psychology, developmental psychology, genetic psychology - the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children
differential psychology - the branch of psychology that studies measurable differences between individuals
experimental psychology, psychonomics - the branch of psychology that uses experimental methods to study psychological issues
functionalism - a psychology based on the assumption that all mental process are useful to an organism in adapting to the environment
neuropsychology, physiological psychology, psychophysiology - the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
psychometrics, psychometrika, psychometry - any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements