psychosurgery


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

psy·cho·sur·ger·y

 (sī′kō-sûr′jə-rē)
n. pl. psy·cho·sur·ger·ies
Brain surgery used to treat severe, intractable mental or behavioral disorders.

psy′cho·sur′geon (-sûr′jən) n.
psy′cho·sur′gi·cal (-jĭ-kəl) adj.

psychosurgery

(ˌsaɪkəʊˈsɜːdʒərɪ)
n
(Surgery) any surgical procedure on the brain, such as a frontal lobotomy, to relieve serious mental disorders
psychosurgical adj

psy•cho•sur•ger•y

(ˌsaɪ koʊˈsɜr dʒə ri)

n.
treatment of mental disorders by means of brain surgery.
[1935–40]
psy`cho•sur′geon (-dʒən) n.
psy`cho•sur′gi•cal (-dʒɪ kəl) adj.

psychosurgery

the use of brain surgery to treat mental disorders. — psychosurgeon, n.
See also: Brain
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.psychosurgery - brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
brain surgery - any surgical procedure involving the brain
amygdalotomy - psychosurgery in which amygdaloid fibers that mediate limbic system activity are severed (in cases of extreme uncontrollable violence)
callosectomy, callosotomy - severing the corpus callosum so that communication between the cerebral hemispheres is interrupted (in cases of severe intractable epilepsy)
frontal lobotomy, leucotomy, leukotomy, lobotomy, prefrontal leucotomy, prefrontal leukotomy, prefrontal lobotomy - surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
Translations

psychosurgery

[ˌsaɪkəʊˈsɜːdʒərɪ] Npsicocirugía f
References in periodicals archive ?
The paradoxical aspect of madness is described in terms of "cruel to be kind," including early asylums, psychosurgery, electroshock treatment, restraints, water cures, and other treatments.
He pointed out that as research indicates there is no known cure for psychopaths and that it is a prognosis poor condition, the usual mental health intervention involves in one form or another incarcerating, lobotomizing or other psychosurgery, or putting to death.
The neuroscience psychiatrist will be an expert on the human genome, sophisticated brain imaging and mapping, and the differential use of a variety of neurochemicals, as well as the application of technology such as magnetic fields for the treatment of mental illness and direct intervention into the brain with psychosurgery.
111) Thus, the insula might be another target, in addition to the accumbens, for DBS or psychosurgery in stimulant addiction.
Gottlieb Burckhardt, the father of psychosurgery (1836-1907)
Why We Should Keep Prisoners from the Doctors: Reflections on the Detroit Psychosurgery Case, 5 Hastings Cent.
prevention of irreversible treatment such as psychosurgery
Methods of control have varied over time, from execution to banishment to forms of "rehabilitation" ranging from mentoring and job counseling to forced psychosurgery.
Forty years ago a number of technical refinements and experimental findings encouraged another attempt to achieve desired psychiatric outcomes by way of surgery, psychosurgery.
The guardian/conservator also has the power to give any necessary consent to enable the ward to receive necessary medical or other professional care, counsel, treatment or service, except that no guardian/conservator may give consent for psychosurgery, electroshock, sterilization or experimental treatment of any kind unless the procedure is first approved by order of the court as provided in this clause.
By the l960s the rise in urban violence was thought to be a result of brain malfunctioning, which required a treatment referred to as psychosurgery (Jackson, 2002).
Great and desperate cures: The rise and decline of psychosurgery and other radical treatments for mental illness.