psychosurgery


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psy·cho·sur·ger·y

 (sī′kō-sûr′jə-rē)
n. pl. psy·cho·sur·ger·ies
Brain surgery used to treat severe, intractable mental or behavioral disorders.

psy′cho·sur′geon (-sûr′jən) n.
psy′cho·sur′gi·cal (-jĭ-kəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

psychosurgery

(ˌsaɪkəʊˈsɜːdʒərɪ)
n
(Surgery) any surgical procedure on the brain, such as a frontal lobotomy, to relieve serious mental disorders
psychosurgical adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

psy•cho•sur•ger•y

(ˌsaɪ koʊˈsɜr dʒə ri)

n.
treatment of mental disorders by means of brain surgery.
[1935–40]
psy`cho•sur′geon (-dʒən) n.
psy`cho•sur′gi•cal (-dʒɪ kəl) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

psychosurgery

the use of brain surgery to treat mental disorders. — psychosurgeon, n.
See also: Brain
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.psychosurgery - brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
brain surgery - any surgical procedure involving the brain
amygdalotomy - psychosurgery in which amygdaloid fibers that mediate limbic system activity are severed (in cases of extreme uncontrollable violence)
callosectomy, callosotomy - severing the corpus callosum so that communication between the cerebral hemispheres is interrupted (in cases of severe intractable epilepsy)
frontal lobotomy, leucotomy, leukotomy, lobotomy, prefrontal leucotomy, prefrontal leukotomy, prefrontal lobotomy - surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

psychosurgery

[ˌsaɪkəʊˈsɜːdʒərɪ] Npsicocirugía f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
To search the medical literature, the key words "treatment resistant major depression", "psychosurgery", "ablation type surgery", "ablative surgery", "cingulotomy", "anterior capsulotomy", "subcaudate tractotomy", "limbic leucotomy", "vagus nerve stimulation", "VNS", "deep brain stimulation", and "DBS" were used.
With this letter, the authors present the history of a patient after extensive psychosurgery, including neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment, and discussion from a translational point of view.
(243) Minimal consent was required from the patient before such psychosurgery was performed.
Dr Amer Abbas Qureshi spoke on major depressive disorders among epileptic patients, Dr Imtiaz Ahmed Dogar on psychiatric co-morbidity associated with mental disorders, Prof Asif Bashir on Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) and Psychosurgery, current and future applications, Dr Rana Muzammil Shamsher Khan on frequency of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in depression.
Now it is agreed that no department will undertake psychosurgery unless the decision is taken in a joint Board of psychiatrists, neurologist, and neurosurgeons.
The paradoxical aspect of madness is described in terms of "cruel to be kind," including early asylums, psychosurgery, electroshock treatment, restraints, water cures, and other treatments.
He pointed out that as research indicates there is no known cure for psychopaths and that it is a prognosis poor condition, the usual mental health intervention involves in one form or another incarcerating, lobotomizing or other psychosurgery, or putting to death.
1935 was an important year in the history of psychosurgery, when the American physiologist John Farquhar Fulton (1899 1960) presented the result of a personal experiment, at the Second World Congress of Neurology in London, to the entire world.
Freeman was an evangelist for this new form of "psychosurgery".
The neuroscience psychiatrist will be an expert on the human genome, sophisticated brain imaging and mapping, and the differential use of a variety of neurochemicals, as well as the application of technology such as magnetic fields for the treatment of mental illness and direct intervention into the brain with psychosurgery.
Looking Further Ahead: Cognitive Enhancers, Deep Brain Stimulation, Molecular Biology, and Psychosurgery?