ptarmigan


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ptar·mi·gan

 (tär′mĭ-gən)
n. pl. ptarmigan or ptar·mi·gans
Any of various grouse of the genus Lagopus, inhabiting arctic, subarctic, and alpine regions of the Northern Hemisphere and having feathered legs and feet and plumage that is brown or gray in summer and white in winter.

[Alteration (influenced by the spelling pt in Greek words like pteron, wing) of Scottish Gaelic tarmachan.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ptarmigan

(ˈtɑːmɪɡən)
n, pl -gans or -gan
1. (Animals) any of several arctic and subarctic grouse of the genus Lagopus, esp L. mutus, which has a white winter plumage
2. (Breeds) (sometimes capital) a created domestic fancy pigeon with ruffled or curled feathers on the wings and back
[C16: changed (perhaps influenced by Greek pteron wing) from Scottish Gaelic tarmachan, diminutive of tarmach, of obscure origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ptar•mi•gan

(ˈtɑr mɪ gən)

n., pl. -gans, (esp. collectively) -gan.
any of several grouses of the genus Lagopus, of mountainous and cold northern regions, having white plumage in the winter.
[1590–1600; pseudo-Greek sp. of Scottish Gaelic tarmarchan, akin to Irish tarmanach]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ptarmigan - large Arctic and subarctic grouse with feathered feet and usually white winter plumageptarmigan - large Arctic and subarctic grouse with feathered feet and usually white winter plumage
grouse - popular game bird having a plump body and feathered legs and feet
genus Lagopus, Lagopus - ptarmigans
Lagopus scoticus, moorbird, moor-bird, moorfowl, moorgame, red grouse - reddish-brown grouse of upland moors of Great Britain
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
طائِر التَّرمجان: من نوْع الدَّجاج
bělokurbělokur horskýbělokur rousný
kiiruna
hófajd
baltasis tetervinasžvyrė
irbe
snežná sliepka
kar tavuğu

ptarmigan

[ˈtɑːmɪgən] N (ptarmigans or ptarmigan (pl)) → perdiz f blanca
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

ptarmigan

nSchneehuhn nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

ptarmigan

[ˈtɑːmɪgən] npernice f bianca
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

ptarmigan

(ˈtaː(r)migən) noun
a type of bird usually found in cold northern regions.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
In the afternoon he blundered upon a ptarmigan. He came out of a thicket and found himself face to face with the slow-witted bird.
He lay down in the snow, depositing the ptarmigan beside him, and with eyes peering through the needles of a low-growing spruce he watched the play of life before him--the waiting lynx and the waiting porcupine, each intent on life; and, such was the curiousness of the game, the way of life for one lay in the eating of the other, and the way of life for the other lay in being not eaten.
He recollected something, dropped the burden, and trotted back to where he had left the ptarmigan. He did not hesitate a moment.
He came upon a valley where rock ptarmigan rose on whirring wings from the ledges and muskegs.
He made a clutch as startled as was the rise of the ptarmigan, and there remained in his hand three tail-feathers.
Ptarmigan and wild boar fell before my revolver within a dozen moments of my awakening.
Though we did not eat the entire boar, we made a very large hole in him, while the ptarmigan was but a mouthful.
The people who worked here followed the ancient custom of nature, whereby the ptarmigan is the color of dead leaves in the fall and of snow in the winter, and the chameleon, who is black when he lies upon a stump and turns green when he moves to a leaf.
When we see leaf-eating insects green, and bark-feeders mottled-grey; the alpine ptarmigan white in winter, the red-grouse the colour of heather, and the black-grouse that of peaty earth, we must believe that these tints are of service to these birds and insects in preserving them from danger.
He could take a ptarmigan from its nest, kill a rabbit as it slept, and snap in mid air the little chipmunks fleeing a second too late for the trees.
And then he strewed the table with the nuggets, stuffed ptarmigans, bead work and seal pelts of the returned Kiondiker, and began to prate to us of his millions.
Two species of the genus Attagis are in almost every respect ptarmigans in their habits; one lives in Tierra del Fuego, above the limits of the forest land; and the other just beneath the snow-line on the Cordillera of Central Chile.