pterygoid muscle


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Related to pterygoid muscle: lateral pterygoid muscle
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pterygoid muscle - muscle descending from the sphenoid bone to the lower jawpterygoid muscle - muscle descending from the sphenoid bone to the lower jaw
skeletal muscle, striated muscle - a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton; a muscle that is characterized by transverse stripes
References in periodicals archive ?
This artery supplies branches to the medial pterygoid muscle, upper head of the lateral pterygoid, tensor veli palatini, parts of the sphenoid bone, middle cranial fossa, braches of mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve, and the otic ganglion.
The medial pterygoid muscle originates from the lateral pterygoid plate and the palatine bone and inserts onto the medial surface of ramus and angle of the mandible.
The previous fracture in the sagittal condylar head was pulled medially and anteriorly by the lateral pterygoid muscle [Figure 3]d and [Figure 4]a.
The masseter muscle covering the lateral side of the joint was composed of three sections; the temporal muscle covering the cranial side of the joint was composed of one section; the lateral pterygoid muscle covering the medial part was made up of two sections; and the medial pterygoid muscle which didn't surround the joint was also made up of two sections.
In dog and cat, the zygomatic gland is located in the orbital cavity and its limits are determined by the zygomatic arch laterally and dorsally by the periorbital cavity, ventrally by the orbital fat and by the pterygoid muscle, and medially by the maxilla, which contains the roots of the last upper molar tooth (PEDINI et al.
Influence of the lateral pterygoid muscle on the growth of the mandibular condilar cartilage
Laughlin showed how simple maneuvers such as "internal pterygoid muscle release" can be done quickly in-office, providing greater comfort for patients with limited jaw opening, headaches, odd visual difficulties, even endocrine imbalances.
23) In sum, studies have demonstrated that the lateral pterygoid muscle has an effect on the growth of the condylar process, (24) the masseter muscle has an effect on the angular process, (16) and the temporal muscle has an effect on the growth of both the coronoid process (5) and the entire mandibular ramus and body, as demonstrated.
Superiorly the mass extended up to the mandibular notch and closely abutted the lateral pterygoid muscle.