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Related to puddling: Puddling furnace


1. Purification of impure metal, especially pig iron, by heating and stirring in an oxidizing atmosphere.
2. Compaction of wet material, such as clay, in order to make a watertight paste.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Metallurgy) a process for converting pig iron into wrought iron by heating it with ferric oxide in a furnace to oxidize the carbon
2. (Building) building trades the process of making a puddle
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpʌd lɪŋ)

the process of melting pig iron in a reverberatory furnace (pud′dling fur`nace) and converting it into wrought iron.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Puddling (wet tillage) is done to reduce water infiltration and to maintain the standing water in the field, which helps in weed management and facilitates easier transplanting (Sharma and De Datta 1986).
There are, however, some problems associated with puddling in rice, such as deterioration of soil structure and creation of a hardpan (Sharma and De Datta 1986; Thierfelder and Wall 2009), increased methane emissions and hydrogen sulfite formation (Ponnamperuma 1972), and increased bulk density and soil compaction (Kirchhof et ai 2000).
Often, farmers delay wet tillage (puddling) of rice until after the onset of the monsoon, resulting in low rice yields and consequently low wheat yields due to delayed sowing as a result of the late rice harvest.
Due to present scenario of diminishing water resources (both at surface and underground levels), high energy cost, and comparable low paddy prices; establishment of rice crop through puddling and continuous flooding is becoming unaffordable, uneconomical and unsustainable.
Wet cultivation or soil puddling is the common soil preparation technique used for lowland rice production.
Puddling breaks down, smears, and disperses soil aggregates.
An occasional splash of liquid fertilizer increases the chances of butterflies visiting the "puddle." Lepidopterists who have studied this phenomenon of "puddling" butterflies have found that certain species tend to congregate near muddy stream banks and that the puddlers are mostly males of the species.
Soil preparation for rice traditionally requires soil puddling. It assists in weed control, facilitates transplanting, and reduces water loss through a decrease in water percolation rates, and therefore flooded conditions can be maintained for at least part of the rice cropping season.
Soil puddling degrades soil structure and leads to reduced infiltration rates.