The control group inclusion criteria included non-pregnant or puerperant
patients, aged [greater than or equal to] 18 years with no acute kidney failure, chronic kidney failure, sepsis, ischemic stroke, liver failure, acute pulmonary edema, PAD, deep vein thrombosis, acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary embolism, mesenteric ischemia, cardiopulmonary arrest, multi-trauma, Tissue Plasminogen Activator (TPA)-related hemorrhage or acute trauma.
Effect of auricular point sticking on lactation of puerperant
. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion.
woman eats more in order to have more milk and an excessive intake of carbohydrate-rich foods is encouraged.
Among the practices were carrying out a ritual called "kirkinicikarma"(puerperant
women's celebrating the 40th day of delivery) (70.1%), covering the belly of puerperants
(50.5%), carrying out a ritual called "yirmikirkicikarmak" (puerperant
women's celebrating the 20th day of delivery) for puerperants
(44.7%), and not leaving puerperants
at home alone (38.8%).
Excluded among FMS patients and MLBP patients were those who had been using thyroid hormone for the last three months, who used oral contraceptive pills, received a previous treatment with GH, pregnant or puerperant
patients, those who had intracranial space occupying lesion, and any relevant endocrine disorder including diabetes mellitus, and those with systemic disease (thyroid function disorder, vitamin D deficiency, diabetes mellitus, liver and renal dysfunction, neuropsychiatric disease, morbid obesity, and other systemic or joint inflammatory rheumatic conditions, previous or current malignancies).
Patients with a diagnosis of "bipolar disorder complete remission" according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders, fourth edition were included in the study Patients with a diagnosis of mental retardation, chronic physical disease, substance use disorder and pregnant or puerperant
patients were excluded from the study None of the patients underwent electroconvulsive therapy in the last 2 months.
Excluded from the study were patients who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C and delta, were alcoholics, used immunosuppressive or hepatotoxic drugs in the preceding six months, were diabetics, had hypertension, were pregnant or puerperant
, or had comorbidities of auto-immune nature.
The aim of the present study was explained to each pregnant woman and puerperant
, and informed consent was obtained from all women.